IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: bass (English), mero (Espanol)
Dermatolepis dermatolepis (Boulenger, 1895)

Leather bass

Body deep (deepest at origin of dorsal fin),  strongly compressed; snout much longer than eye; forehead profile oblique, steep; rear nostrils 2-3 times larger than front nostrils; preopercle finely serrated; gill rakers on first arch 21-24;  dorsal fin with XI spines, 18-20 rays, membranes only slightly notched between spines; anal rays III, 9; pectoral rays 19-20, fins rounded, distinctly longer than pelvics; tail fin with straight edge; body scales smooth.

Alternating dark grey to blackish and white to light grey bars overlain with numerous white to pale blotches; fin margins narrowly yellow; juveniles with numerous small dark spots on cheek and gill cover and dark bars on body.

Size: grows to 100 cm; at least 12.5 kg.

Inhabits rocky and coral reefs, small juveniles may shelter among the long spines of the sea urchins Centrostephanus and Diadema.

Depth: 5-40 m.

Southern California to the central Gulf of California to Ecuador and all the oceanic islands.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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