IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: barracuda (English), barracuda (Espanol), picuda (Espanol)
Sphyraena idiastes Heller & Snodgrass, 1903

Pelican barracuda

Body very elongate, relatively slender, cylindrical at the front; head long with a long pointed snout; large protractile mouth with a distinctly protruding lower jaw, mouth relatively short, ends ~ 1 eye diameter before eye; jaws and roof of mouth with many long sharp-edged teeth of unequal sizes; two widely separated dorsal fins (V + I, 8-10); small pectorals, 13 rays; pelvics I, 5, small, origin behind pectoral fins, under first dorsal fin; anal fins small, II, 8-10, similar to and under 2nd  dorsal; a forked tail, without central lobes; a well-developed, straight lateral line; small smooth scales,  130-150 on lateral line.

Grey above, white below; often oblique dark bars on upper back; fins grey with dark edges; small fish often with yellow stripe through eye and part way along mid-flank, and dark spots on back and sides.

Size: 91 cm.

Habitat: coastal and oceanic, nearbottom to surface.

Depth: 0-25 m.

The tip of Baja and near Guaymas, in the E Gulf of California; Colombia to Chile, Galapagos, Cocos and Malpelo. 


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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