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| Common names: goatfish (English), chivo (Espanol), salmonete (Espanol) |
Pseudupeneus grandisquamis (Gill, 1863)
Bigscale goatfish, Red goatfish
Body elongate, moderately deep ; underside of head and body nearly flat; snout pointed; eye high on side of head; mouth small, at lower edge of head, protrusible, top jaw not reaching to under front of eye; relatively small villiform or conical teeth; no teeth on roof of mouth; chin with a pair of large, long barbells; opercle with a spine; 2 well-separated dorsal fins, VII-VIII + I, 8; anal fin II, 6; pectoral rays 13-16; a forked tail; scales large, slightly rough, 28-32 on lateral line; 3 rows of scales between 2 dorsal fins.
Brownish red to violet on back, reddish or pink on sides and whitish below, a blackish blotch on lateral line below spinous dorsal fin; pearly spots and streaks on head and narrow pearly stripes or rows of spots on upper side.
Size: to about 30 cm.
Habitat: usually found away from reefs on sand or mud bottoms, frequently caught by trawlers.
Depth: 1-67 m.
Baja and the Gulf of California to Chile, Galapagos and the Revillagigedos.