The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bock, P. (2015). Phylactolaemata. In: Bock, P.; Gordon, D. (2015) World List of Bryozoa. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. xiii + 992
  • Hartikainen, H., A. Waeschenbach, E. Wöss, T. Wood, and B. Okamura 2013. Divergence and species discrimination in freshwater bryozoans (Bryozoa: Phylactolaemata). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 168(1):61–80.
  • Ruppert, E.E., Fox, R.S., and Barnes, R.D. (2004). "Lophoporata". Invertebrate Zoology (7 ed.). Brooks / Cole. pp. 829–845. ISBN 0-03-025982-7.
  • Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 24 March 2013. Phylactolaemata. Retrieved August 1, 2013 from
  • Winston, Judith E. 1990. Life in Antarctic depths. (Cover story). Natural History. 99(9): 70.


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