Habitat and Ecology
In Jurien Bay Marine Park, occurring on deeper more exposed reefs (> 10 m), closely associated with the substrate, among red algae, turfs and ledges (Fairclough et al. in prep). Biological data from a few individuals collected on mid-west coast of Australia suggests protogyny, e.g. differential size range of females and males and sexual dichromatism, coupled with histological analyses of gonads (males contain secondary testes), but not confirmed/conclusive at this stage (Fairclough, D. unpublished data).
Species is common in shallow water in Western Australia (to about 20 m), but tends to be in deeper water (to 40 m) in sponge habitats elsewhere (B. Russell pers. comm.2008).
From 10 to 40 meters.
Life History and Behavior
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
The black-spotted parrotfish, Austrolabrus maculatus, is a species of wrasse native to the coast of southern Australia, where it is found in inshore waters at depths of from 10 to 40 metres (33 to 131 ft). This species grows to a length of 12.6 cm (5.0 in). This species is the only known member of its genus.
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