Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
| Common names: searobin (English), vaca (Espanol), cabrilla (Espanol), rubio (Espanol) |
Bellator xenisma (Jordan & Bollman, 1890)
A large, squarish, bony head that has many ridges and spines; snout plates prolonged, forming a "scalloped" shovel-shaped extension on each side of snout tip; preopercular crest with 2 rear spines; a strong spine projecting laterally from cheek bone; narrow between eyes; mouth opens at front or slightly under snout; teeth on jaws and roof of mouth simple; two separate dorsal fins, X-XI + 10-11, 1st spine longest, about half of head length; anal rays 11; pectoral fins short, 24-39 percent of SL, reaching origin of anal fin, 12 rays, with 2-3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin that are detached from main fin; body with rough scales; rear flap of operculum without scales; nape not scaled; breast and belly with small scales; pored lateral-line scales 35-40.
Mottled reddish brown with largely blackish or dark brown pectoral fins; a prominent ocellus between fourth and fifth dorsal spines.
Size: reaches at least 12.5 cm.
Inhabits sand-mud bottoms of trawling grounds.
Depth: 17-200 m.
The Gulf of California to northern Peru.