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| Common names: grunt (English), burro (Espanol), roncador (Espanol), ronco (Espanol) |
Haemulon maculicauda (Gill, 1862)
Body oblong, compressed; mouth slightly oblique, opens at level below eye, lips not fleshy; underside of chin with 2 large pores, 2 pores in a deep hole, and a central groove; gill rakers 22-29 (usually 23-26); preoperculum finely serrated, without spines; dorsal fin continuous, with small to moderate notch in middle, XII-XIV, 15-18 (usually XIII, 15-16); anal rays III, 8-11; tail forked; soft dorsal and anal densely scaled nearly to the edge of the fin; lateral-line scales 50-52; scales above the lateral line in lines parallel to body axis.
Grey; scale center white, forming narrow white, longitudinally oriented stripes on side; basal half of tail fin blackish; red inside mouth; juveniles with dark midlateral stripe and spot at base of caudal fin.
Size: to 30 cm.
Habitat: forms large aggregations on coral or rocky reefs.
Depth: 1-33 m.
Southern Baja and the Gulf of California to Ecuador and Malpelo.