IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: turbot (English), platija (Espanol)
Pleuronichthys verticalis Jordan & Gilbert, 1880

Hornyhead turbot

Body widest in middle; eyes on the right side of the head; a high, compressed ridge between eyes high, with prominent sharp back-pointing spine at rear end, sometimes spine at front as well; a small, asymmetric mouth; lips with transverse folds; only top jaw with teeth on eye side, small teeth in bands along both jaws of blind side; no teeth on roof of mouth; 12-17 gill rakers; border of the preoperculum free, very evident;  dorsal fin origin under blind side; dorsal 65-75 rays; anal 44-51 rays; pectoral 10-12 rays; symmetric pelvic fins that are inserted on both sides of the body; lateral lines on both sides of the body, without an arch over the pectoral, originates above eye, with a branch under the lower eye and long branch extending back along under the dorsal fin; lateral line scales 88-103.

Eye side dark brown to yellowish brown with irregular grey blotches, often marbled; blind side white.

Size: 37 cm.

Habitat: soft bottoms.

Depth: 5-237 m.

California to southern Baja; an isolated population in the upper Gulf of California.   


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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