IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: razorfish (English), wrasse (English), peine (Espanol), cuchillo (Espanol)
Iniistius pavo (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes, 1840)

Peacock razorfish,     Peacock wrasse

Head and body strongly compressed; head profile very steep, nearly vertical, with a fleshy longitudinal keel at front; eye on upper half of head; a pair of long curved canine teeth anteriorly in each jaw, lower jaw without rear canine teeth; dorsal rays II + VII, 12, first 2 dorsal spines separated from rest of fin, greatly prolonged in juveniles; anal rays III,12; pectoral rays 12; tail fin small, slightly rounded; lateral line in two sections, pored scales 20-22 + 4-5; head scaleless except for a patch of scales below eye (a large band of scales in some species).

IP:  white to yellowish white with 4 indistinct broad dark bars on body and small black spot on upper side above eighth scale of lateral line; TP:  similar to IP  plus blue edges to scales at lower part of 1st  dark bars, center of scales on the lower 2/3 of the 2nd  dark bar with a blue bar; dorsal fin with oblique thin blue bars and a blue submarginal stripe; anal fin with a blue submarginal stripe; tail fin with a blue submarginal bar; juveniles whitish with 4 diffuse brown bars, thin brown lines radiating from eye, and pelvic fins entirely brown.

Size: to 41 cm.

Habitat: found on open sand near reefs; dives into the sand when danger approaches.

Depth: 5-100 m.

Widespread in the Indo-Pacific from East Africa to the Americas - central to southern Baja, and the SW and central eastern Gulf of California to Colombia, the Revillagigedos, Cocos, Malpelo and the Galapagos.


Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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