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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits offshore reefs (Ref. 9563). Sandy bottom (Ref. 95646).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific (Ref. 4919). Lessepsian migrant to the Mediterranean Sea (Ref. 55043).
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to southern Australia and New Caledonia; Mediterranean Sea immigrant.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 13; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 8 - 12
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Size

Maximum size: 1100 mm SL
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Max. size

110 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 559)); max. published weight: 7,000 g (Ref. 4919)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Found on offhsore reefs (Ref. 9563). Also poisonous to eat (Ref. 4919, 9137).
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Description

Found on offhsore reefs (Ref. 9563). Also poisonous to eat (Ref. 4919, 9137).
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Greenish with brown or black spots above; silver band from mouth to caudal fin; belly white; silver blotch in front of eye; pectoral base black (Ref. 4919).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 18 - 100 m (Ref. 11441)
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Depth range based on 1003 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 422 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 7.6 - 178
  Temperature range (°C): 19.731 - 28.395
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.004 - 13.001
  Salinity (PPS): 33.974 - 39.819
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.488 - 5.040
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.064 - 1.135
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.380 - 19.483

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 7.6 - 178

Temperature range (°C): 19.731 - 28.395

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.004 - 13.001

Salinity (PPS): 33.974 - 39.819

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.488 - 5.040

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.064 - 1.135

Silicate (umol/l): 0.380 - 19.483
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits offshore reefs (Ref. 9563). Demersal fish and a carnivore (Ref. 42247).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Lagocephalus sceleratus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lagocephalus sceleratus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 16
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
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Wikipedia

Lagocephalus sceleratus

The Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789), known as the silver-cheeked toadfish, is an extremely poisonous marine bony fish in the family Tetraodontidae (puffer fishes).

Habitat and distribution[edit]

The species is common in the tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is a recent Lessepsian migrant into the eastern Mediterranean Sea, which it reached through the Suez Canal. It has been caught off the coasts of Israel, the south of Turkey and Rhodes. Recently, (in 2013), it has been reported off the waters of Lampedusa Island in the central Mediterranean.[1]

The silver-cheeked toadfish lives in open waters on rocky bottoms, from shallow coastal waters down to a 250m depth (in the Red Sea).

Description[edit]

The silver-cheeked toadfish is very similar to the oceanic pufferfish but more elongated and with a symmetrical caudal (tail) fin. Its back is grey or brown with darker spots and it has a white belly. A characteristic silver band runs along the sides of the fish. The silver-cheeked toadfish can measure up to 40 centimetres (16 in).

Feeding[edit]

The silver-cheeked toadfish preys upon benthic invertebrates.

Reproduction[edit]

Eggs and larvae are found in the pelagic zone.

Danger to humans[edit]

Similar to other puffer fishes, the silver-cheeked toadfish is an extremely poisonous fish that contains tetrodotoxin, causing paralysis of voluntary muscles, which may cause its victims to stop breathing or induce heart failure. Fatal intoxications have been reported in Egypt and Israel.[2]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Giusy Ocello (2013-11-21). "Allerta pesce velenoso nei mari italiani: non va assolutamente mangiato" (in Italian). .
  2. ^ Corriere della sera (2007-06-04). "Pesce velenoso nel Mediterraneo: è mortale" (in Italian). Retrieved 6 June 2007. 
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