Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

"Genus Madrepora Linnaeus, 1758

 

 

Diagnosis. Colonial, extratentacular budding forming dendroid colonies. Coenosteum dense, no

 

costae, corallites filled internally by stereome. No pali; columella spongy or absent.

 

 

Type-species: Madrepora oculata Linnaeus, 1758, by subsequent designation (Verrill, 1901)." Cairns 1982, p. 13.

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Physical Description

Type Information

Syntype for Madrepora cuspidata Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 3969
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Society Islands, Tahiti, French Polynesia, South Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 485, pl.42, fig.1.
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Syntype for Madrepora nasuta Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 3140
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Society Islands, Tahiti, French Polynesia, South Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 453, pl.34, fig.2.
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Syntype for Madrepora cuspidata Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 314
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Society Islands, Tahiti, French Polynesia, South Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 485, pl.42, fig.1.
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Syntype for Madrepora nasuta Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 260
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Society Islands, Tahiti, French Polynesia, South Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 453, pl.34, fig.2.
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Syntype for Madrepora nasuta Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 250
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Society Islands, Tahiti, French Polynesia, South Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 453, pl.34, fig.2.
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Syntype for Madrepora implicata Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 283
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Fiji, South Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 466-467, pl.37, fig.2.
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Syntype for Madrepora hyacinthus Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 246
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Fiji, South Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 444-445, pl.32, fig.2.
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Syntype for Madrepora tumida Verrill, 1866
Catalog Number: USNM 419
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Locality: Hong Kong, China, North Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Verrill. 1866. Proc. Comm. Essex Inst. 5(3): 21-22, no fig.
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Syntype for Madrepora tumida Verrill, 1866
Catalog Number: USNM 360
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Locality: Hong Kong, China, North Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Verrill. 1866. Proc. Comm. Essex Inst. 5(3): 21-22, no fig.
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Holotype for Madrepora cuneata Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 334
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Fiji, South Pacific Ocean
  • Holotype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 487, no fig.
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Syntype for Madrepora gracilis Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 333
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Fiji, South Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 482-483, pl.41, fig.3.
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Syntype for Madrepora tumida Verrill, 1866
Catalog Number: USNM 393
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Locality: Hong Kong, China, North Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Verrill. 1866. Proc. Comm. Essex Inst. 5(3): 21-22, no fig.
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Syntype for Madrepora hystrix Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 298
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Fiji, South Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 476, pl.40, fig.1.
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Holotype for Madrepora horrida Dana, 1846
Catalog Number: USNM 291
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1838
Locality: Fiji, South Pacific Ocean
  • Holotype: Dana. 1846. Zoophytes. 7: 472, pl.39, fig.2.
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Syntype for Madrepora tumida Verrill, 1866
Catalog Number: USNM 394
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Locality: Hong Kong, China, North Pacific Ocean
  • Syntype: Verrill. 1866. Proc. Comm. Essex Inst. 5(3): 21-22, no fig.
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 10 - 10
  Temperature range (°C): 28.394 - 28.394
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.342 - 0.342
  Salinity (PPS): 33.382 - 33.382
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.499 - 4.499
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.210 - 0.210
  Silicate (umol/l): 5.005 - 5.005
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 2
  Temperature range (°C): 28.466 - 28.466
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.347 - 0.347
  Salinity (PPS): 33.378 - 33.378
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.488 - 4.488
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.196 - 0.196
  Silicate (umol/l): 5.163 - 5.163
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 5 - 200
  Temperature range (°C): 15.580 - 28.394
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.342 - 18.598
  Salinity (PPS): 33.382 - 34.616
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.650 - 4.499
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.210 - 1.333
  Silicate (umol/l): 5.005 - 24.945

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 5 - 200

Temperature range (°C): 15.580 - 28.394

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.342 - 18.598

Salinity (PPS): 33.382 - 34.616

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.650 - 4.499

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.210 - 1.333

Silicate (umol/l): 5.005 - 24.945
 
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 26.5 - 39.5
  Temperature range (°C): 27.085 - 27.085
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.584 - 0.584
  Salinity (PPS): 33.699 - 33.699
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.672 - 4.672
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.210 - 0.210
  Silicate (umol/l): 5.259 - 5.259

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 26.5 - 39.5
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 26.5 - 39.5
  Temperature range (°C): 27.085 - 27.085
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.584 - 0.584
  Salinity (PPS): 33.699 - 33.699
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.672 - 4.672
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.210 - 0.210
  Silicate (umol/l): 5.259 - 5.259

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 26.5 - 39.5
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Wikipedia

Madrepore

Madrepore ("mother of pores") is a genus of stony corals, often found forming reefs or islands in tropical locations. The names Madrepore and Madreporaria were formerly applied universally to any stony coral of the family Scleractinia. They reproduce in three separate ways as discovered by the marine zoologist Anne Thynne (1800-1866).[2]

Species[edit]

Species include:[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ITIS Standard Report Page: Madrepora". Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  2. ^ "On the increase of Madrepores". Annals and Magazine of Natural History (London: Taylor and Francis) 3 (29): 449–461. 1859. 
  3. ^ http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=135123
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