The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Roper, Clyde F. E., C. C. Lu and Katharina Mangold. 1969. A new species of Illex from the western Atlantic and distributional aspects of other Illex species (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 82. 295-322
  • Seapy, R. R. and R. E. Young 1986. Concealment in epipelagic pterotracheid heteropods (Gastropoda) and cranchiid squids (Cephalopoda). J. Zool., Lond. (A), 210: 137-147.
  • Sweeney, M. J. and C. F. E. Roper / N. A. Voss, M. Vecchione, R. B. Toll and M. J. Sweeney, eds. 1998. Classification, type localities and type repositories of recent Cephalopoda. Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (I-II). 561-599
  • Vecchione, Michael and Clyde F.E. Roper. 1991 Cephalopods observed from submersibles in the western North Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science, 49(1-2):433-445.
  • Voss N. A., S. J. Stephen and Zh. Dong 1992. Family Cranchiidae Prosch, 1849. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 513: 187-210.
  • Voss, N. A. 1980. A generic revision of the Cranchiidae (Cephalopoda; Oegopsida). Bull. Mar. Sci. 30: 365-412.
  • Voss, N. A. 1988. Evolution of the cephalopod family Cranchiidae (Oegopsida). P. 293-314. In: (M. R. Clarke and E. R. Trueman, eds.), Paleontology and Neontology of Cephalopods; The Mollusca, 12, Academic Press, Inc., New York, 355pp.
  • Voss, N. A. and R. S. Voss. 1983. Phylogenetic relationships in the cephalopod family Cranchiidae (Oegopsida). Malacologia 23: 397-426.


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