The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Arch. Naturgesch., 19, Abt. 1, 230.
- Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
- Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
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