The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
- Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
- Spec. Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. (quart. ser. no. 2), 1895, 537.
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