The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Angulo AO & ME Casanueva. 1981. Catalgo de los lepidópteros geométridos de Chile (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Boletín Sociedad de Biología de Concepción (Chile) 51: 7-39. Angulo AO & C Jana-Saenz. 1983. Catálogo crítico, ilustrado y claves de Catocalinae y Ophiderinae para Chile (Lepidoptera: Noctudidae). Gayana Zool. (Chile) 45: 1-26.
  • Beccaloni G., Scoble M., Kitching I., Simonsen T., Robinson G., Pitkin B., Hine A. & Lyal C. (2015). LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (version 12.3, Jan 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Capinera, J. 1996. "Featured Creatures" (On-line). Accessed April 3, 2001 at
  • Carter, D. 1992. Eyewitness Handbooks Butterflies and Moths. Boston, Massachusettes: Dorling Kindersley, Inc.
  • Forestieno, S., V. Sbordoni. 1998. Butterflies of the World. Willowdale, Ontario: Firefly Books.
  • Greeney, H. F., & Sheldon K. S. (2008). Comments on the natural history and larval shelter construction of Urbanus proteus Linn. (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Pyrginae) in southern Florida. Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society. 62, 1008-1010.
  • Hodges, Ronald W., et al., eds. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. xxiv + 284
  • Klots, A. 1951. A Field Guide to the Butterflies of North America, East of the Great Plains. Boston, Massachusettes: Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Neck, R. 1996. A Field Guide to Butterflies of Texas. Houston, Texas: Gulf Publishing Company.
  • Opler, Paul A. 1999. A Field Guide to Western Butterflies, Second Edition. xiv + 540
  • Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, vol. 40. xiv + 658
  • Scott, J. 1986. The Butterflies of North America: A Natural History & Field Guide. Standford, California: Standford University Press.
  • Tveten, J., G. Tveten. 1996. Butterflies of Houston & Southeast Texas. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press.


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