The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Breene, R. G., D. Allen Dean, G. B. Edwards, Blain Hebert, Herbert W. Levi, Gail Manning, et al. 2003. Common Names of Arachnids, Fifth Edition. 42
  • Dunlop, J.A. 1996. Evidence for a sister group relationship between Ricinulei and Trigonotarbida. Bull. Brit. Arachnol. Soc. 10: 193-204.
  • Evans, G.O. 1992. Principles of Acarology. CAB International, Cambridge.
  • G. C. Varley, The concept of energy flow applied to a woodland community. In: Animal Populations in Relation to Their Food Resources, A. Watson, Ed. (Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, England, 1970), pp. 389-401, from p. 389.
  • Hall SJ, Raffaelli D (1991) Food-web patterns: lessons from a species-rich web. J Anim Ecol 60:823–842
  • Huxham M, Beany S, Raffaelli D (1996) Do parasites reduce the chances of triangulation in a real food web? Oikos 76:284–300
  • J. D. Allan, 1982. The effects of reduction in trout density on the invertebrate community of a mountain stream. Ecology 63:1444-1455, from p. 1452.
  • Johnston, D.E. 1982. Acari. In: Parker, S.P.(ed.) Synopsis and classification of living organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York, p. 111.
  • K. Paviour-Smith, The biotic community of a salt meadow in New Zealand, Trans. R. Soc. N.Z. 83(3):525-554, from p. 542 (1956).
  • Kethley, J.B., Norton, R.A., Bonamo, P.M. and Shear, W.A. 1979. A terrestrial alicorhagiid mite (Acari: Acariformes) from the Devonian of New York. Micropaleontology 35: 367-373.
  • Krantz, G. W., and D. E. Walter, eds. 2009. A Manual of Acarology, 3rd Edition. viii+807
  • Krantz, G.W. 1978. A Manual of Acarology. 2nd Edition. Oregon State University Bookstores, Corvallis.
  • L. W. Swan, The ecology of the high Himalayas, Sci. Am. 205:68-78, from pp. 76-77 (October 1961).
  • Lindquist, E.E. 1984. Current theories on the evolution of major groups of Acari and on their relationships with other groups of Arachnida, with consequent implications for their classification. In: Acarology VI (Volume 1), D.A. Griffiths and C.E. Bowman (eds), John Wiley & Sons, New York, pp. 28-62.
  • M. A. Mayse and P. W. Price, 1978. Seasonal development of soybean arthropod communities in east central Illinois. Agro-Ecosys. 4:387-405, from p. 401.
  • M. A. Mayse and P. W. Price, 1978. Seasonal development of soybean arthropod communities in east central Illinois. Agro-Ecosys. 4:387-405, from p. 402.
  • Norton, R.A., Bonamo, P.M., Grierson, J.D. and Shear, W.A. 1988. Oribatid mite fossils from a terrestrial Devonian deposit near Gilboa, New York. Journal of Paleontology 62: 259-269.
  • Parker, S.P.(ed.) 1982. Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York.
  • R. D. Bird, Biotic communities of the Aspen Parkland of central Canada, Ecology, 11:356-442, from p. 406 (1930).
  • Shultz, J.W. 1990. Evolutionary morphology and phylogeny of Arachnida. Cladistics, 6:1-38.
  • V. S. Summerhayes and C. S. Elton, Contributions to the ecology of Spitsbergen and Bear Island, J. Ecol. 11:214-286, from p. 232 (1923).
  • V. S. Summerhayes and C. S. Elton, Further contributions to the ecology of Spitzbergen, J. Ecol. 16:193-268, from p. 217 (1928).
  • Waide RB, Reagan WB (eds) (1996) The food web of a tropical rainforest. University of Chicago Press, Chicago
  • Weygoldt, P. 1997. Evolution and systematics of the Chelicerata. In: Sabelis, M.W., Bruin, J., van der Geest, A. and Davids, C. (Eds), Proc. Third Symposium European Association of Acarologists, Amsterdam, July 1996. Exp. Appl. Acarol. (In press).
  • Weygoldt, P. and Paulus, H.F. 1979. Untersuchungen zur Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie der Chelicerata. 2. Cladogramme und die Entfaltung der Chelicerata. Zeitschrift fur Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 17: 177-200.
  • WoRMS (2014). Acari. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • van der Hammen, L. 1989. An Introduction to Comparative Arachnology. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague.


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