The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Beutel, R.G. 1999. Phylogenetic analysis of Myxophaga (Coleoptera) with a redescription of Lepicerus horni (Lepiceridae). Zool. Anz., (1998/99):291-308.
  • Beutel, R.G., D.R. Maddison, and A. Haas. 1999. Phylogenetic analysis of Myxophaga (Coleoptera) using larval characters. Systematic Entomology, 24:171-192.
  • Hinton, H. E. 1967. On the spiracles of the larvae of the suborder Myxophaga (Coleoptera). Australian Journal of Zoology, 15, 955-959.
  • Hinton, H. E. 1969. Plastron respiration in adult beetles of the suborder Myxophaga. Journal of Zoology, 159, 131-137.
  • Lawrence, J. F. & H. Reichardt. 1991. Torridincolidae (Myxophaga), Microsporidae (Myxophaga) (=Sphaeriidae), Hydroscaphidae (Myxophaga). Immature Insects, Vol. 2. (ed. by F. W. Stehr), pp. 302-304. Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, Dubuque, Iowa.
  • Lawrence, J. F., and A. F. Newton, Jr. / Pakaluk, James, and Stanislaw Adam Slipinski, eds. 1995. Families and subfamilies of Coleoptera (with selected genera, notes, references and data on family-group names). Biology, Phylogeny, and Classification of Coleoptera: Papers Celebrating the 80th Birthday of Roy A. Crowson, vol. 2. 779-1006
  • Reichardt, H. 1973. A critical study of the suborder Myxophaga, with a taxonomic revision of the Brazilian Torridincolidae and Hydroscaphidae (Coleoptera). Arquivos de Zoologia, S. Paulo 24(2):73-162.
  • Reichardt, H. 1974. Relationships between Hydroscaphidae and Torridincolidae, based on larvae and pupae, with the description of the immature stages of Scaphydra angra (Coleoptera, Myxophaga). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 18 (4), 117-122.


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