The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bolton, B. 1994. Identification Guide to the Ant Genera of the World. 222 pp. Cambridge, Mass.
  • Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalog of the Ants of the World. 504 pp. Cambridge, Mass.
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. 370 pp. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, Vol. 71. Gainesville, FL.
  • Brandão, C. R. F., C. Baroni Urbani, J. Wagensberg, and C. I. Yamamoto. 1998. New Technomyrmex in Dominican amber, with a reappraisal of Dolichoderinae phylogeny. Entomologica Scandinavica 29: 411-428.
  • Chiotis, M., L. S. Jermiin, and R. H. Crozier. 2000. A molecular framework for the phylogeny of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 17(1): 108-116.
  • Collingwood, C. A. (1979): The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, 1-174: 32-33, URL:
  • Hölldobler, B. and E. O. Wilson. 1990. The Ants. 732 pp. Harvard University Press.
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1992a. Higher classification of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae, Dolichoderinae and Formicidae. Systematic Entomology 17: 199-206.
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1992b. Generic revision of the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Sociobiology 21: 1-181.
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae. University of California Publications in Entomology 112: 1-241.
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1995. Generic-level relationships within the ant subfamily Dolichoderinae (Hymneoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology 20: 217-228.
  • Wheeler, G. C. & Wheeler, J. 1976. Ant larvae: review and synthesis. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Washington 74: 1-108.


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