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The boreal bluet is a small damselfly with a length of 1 to 1.6 inches (26 to 40 mm) long. The male is predominately blue on the sides of its thorax, and the upper side of its abdomen. Its lower abdominal appendages are longer than its upper appendages. The female's body is greenish-yellow to brown color. The upper side of its abdomen is mostly black.
The nymph of the boreal bluet is small in size with a length of 0.75 to 1 inch (19 to 23 mm). It has the typical slender shape of many immature damselflies. Nymphs range in color from light to dark brown.
- United States: (Alaska • Arizona • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Idaho • Iowa • Indiana • Massachusetts • Maine • Michigan • Missouri • Montana • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • Ohio • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • U.S. Virgin Islands • Utah • Vermont • Washington • Wisconsin • West Virginia)
- Canada: (Alberta • British Columbia • Manitoba • New Brunswick • Northwest Territories • Nova Scotia • Nunavut • Ontario • Prince Edward Island • Quebec • Saskatchewan • Yukon)
The boreal bluet occurs along lakes, ponds, marshes, and streams with slow to moderate flow. This species occurs in a wide variety of habitats, from sagebrush desert to mountain lakes.
Boreal bluets can have a flight season of early June to late August. They also have a flight season from late March to late September.
The boreal bluet eats a wide variety of small soft-bodied flying insects, including mosquitoes, mayflies, flies and small moths. They will sometimes pick small insects such as aphids from plants.
The nymph eats a wide variety of aquatic insects, such as mosquito larvae, mayfly larvae, and other aquatic fly larvae.
The boreal bluet looks almost identical to the northern bluet. Even both of these species share similar ranges in North America, they are almost never found at the same body of water. Both the boreal bluet and the northern bluet are found early in the season. The reasons for this separation remains still unknown.
Male boreal bluets set up territories at their choice breeding sites. After both genders mate, the female boreal bluet oviposits in aquatic vegetation.
Like many bluets in the genus Enallagma many species look similar to each other. The boreal bluet looks has similar to many bluet species. They include the northern bluet, familiar bluet, Hagen's bluet, marsh bluet, and vernal bluet. It can be distinguished from familiar bluet by the large postocular spots and the shorter cerci. The characteristics shared by northern and boreal bluets are their large eyespots, and a mushroom-shaped black spot on abdominal segment S2. Its best seen dorsally.
Enallagma boreale has two different subspecies. The following are the two subspecies:
Boreal bluet populations are currently widespread, abundant, and secure.