The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Durham, J. W., H. B. Fell, A. G. Fischer, et al. / Durham, J. Wyatt, et al. / Moore, Raymond C., ed. 1966. Echinoids. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part U, Echinodermata 3, vol. 1 and vol. 2. U211-U640
  • Fell, F. Julian / Parker, Sybil P., ed. 1982. Echinodermata. Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms, vol. 2. 785-813
  • Kroh, A. (2010). Atelostomata. In: Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2016). World Echinoidea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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