Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

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Giganthias is a small genus of fish belonging to the anthia subfamily (Anthiinae). It contains two species from Japan, Taiwan, and Indonesia.


Giganthias was first established by Japanese ichthyologist Masao Katayama in 1954 based on two specimens of the type species Giganthias immaculatus recovered from the island of Izu Ōshima in Japan.[1] Katayama initially placed the species in a separate subfamily, Giganthiinae, but it is now accepted to be under the subfamily Anthiinae of the family Serranidae.[2]

In 2012, a new species of Giganthias was described from Lombok, Indonesia, based on a specimen recovered from a fish market in the village of Tanjung Luar.[3][4]


Giganthias are characterized by nine spines on the dorsal fin. The third dorsal spine and the pelvic spines have serrated tips. The lateral line is very highly arched and a supplementary maxillary is present.[2]


Giganthias contains two species:[2][4]


  1. ^ Masao Katayama (1954). "A new serranid fish found in Japan". Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 3 (2): 56–61. 
  2. ^ a b c William T. White & Dharmadi (2012). "Giganthias serratospinosus, a new serranid (Perciformes: Serranidae: Anthiinae) from the island of Lombok in Indonesia". Zootaxa 3161: 61–66. 
  3. ^ Tea Yi Kai (January 18, 2012). "Giganthias serratospinosus is a new anthias from Lombok, Indonesia". Reef Builders. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Frédéric Busson. "Giganthias serratospinosus White & Dharmadi, 2012". FishBase. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
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