The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Alvarez-Lajonchere, L., E. Trewavas, and G.J. Howes. 1992. Mugil curema and M. liza Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1836 (Osteichthyes, Perciformes): proposed conservation of the specific names. Bull. Zoo. Nom., 49(4):271-275.
  • Bailly, N. (2014). Mugiliformes. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Harrison, I.J. 1993. Comment on the proposed conservation of the specific names of Mugil curema and M. liza. Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1836 (Osteichthyes, Perciformes). Bull. Zoo. Nom., 50(2):144-147.
  • Menezes, N.A. 1983. Guia prático para conhecimento e identifição das tainhas e paratis (Pisces, Mugilidae) do litoral brasileiro. Revista Brasiliera de Zoologia, São Paulo 2(1):1-12.
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Thomson, J.M. 1997. The Mugilidae of the World. Mem. Queens. Mus., 41(3):457-562.


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