For other uses, see Pheasant (disambiguation).

Pheasant (/ˈfɛzənt/) refers to several genera within the subfamily Phasianinae, of the family Phasianidae in the order Galliformes.

Pheasants are characterised by strong sexual dimorphism, males being highly ornate with bright colours and adornments such as wattles and long tails. Males are usually larger than females and have longer tails. Males play a part in rearing the young. Pheasants typically eat seeds and some insects.

The best-known is the common pheasant, which is widespread throughout the world in introduced feral populations and in farm operations. Various other pheasant species are popular in aviaries, such as the golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus).

Species in taxonomic order[edit]

This list is ordered to show presumed relationships between species.

Pheasant fowling.--"Showing how to catch pheasants."--facsimile of a miniature in the manuscript of the "Livre du Roy Modus" (Fourteenth Century).
Cheer pheasant pair in Himalaya, India

Previous classifications[edit]

Euplocamus and Gennceus are older names more or less corresponding to the current Lophura.

These old genera were used for:

VernacularHume & MarshallFinn: Sporting BirdsFinn: Game BirdsContemporary
Vieillot's crested firebackE. viellotiLophura rufa (sic)L. ignita rufa
Black-backed kalijE. melanonotusG. melanonotusL. leucomelanos melanota
Common or white-crested kalijE. albocristatusG. albocristatusL. leucomelanos hamiltoni
Nepal kalijE. leucomelanusG. leucomelanusL. leucomelanos leucomelanos
Purple, Horsfield's or black-breasted kalijE. horsfieldiG. horsfieldiL. leucomelanos lathami
Lineated kalijE. lineatusG. lineatus also: Burmese Silver PheasantL. leucomelanos lineata
Anderson's silver pheasant ?G. andersoni, considered hybrid of L. nycthemera and L. l. lineataL. nycthemera andersoni (invalid)
Crawfurd's silver pheasant (or Crawford's? )E. andersoniconsidered a further cross of Anderson's and L. l. lineata ?
Crawfurd's kalij (same as C.'s silver pheasant?) ?G. andersoniL. leucomelanos crawfurdi
Cuvier's kalij ?G. cuvieri ?
Oates's kalij ?G. oatesiL. leucomelanos oatesi
Whitehead's silver pheasant ?G. whiteheadi ?
Swinhoe's kalij ?G. swinhoiiL. swinhoii


External links[edit]

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