The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Dickinson, Edward C., ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World, 3rd edition. 1039
  • Marks, B. D., and D. E. Willard. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships of the Madagascar pygmy kingfisher (Ispidina madagariensis). Auk 122: 1271-1280.
  • Moyle, R. G. 2006. A molecular phylogeny of kingfishers (Aledinidae) with insights into early biogeographic history. Auk 123: 487-499.
  • Sibley, C. G. and J. E. Ahlquist. 1990. Phylogeny and classification of birds: a study in molecular evolution. Yale University Press, New Haven.
  • Woodall, P. F. 2004. Family Alcedinidae. Pp 130-249 in del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, J. Sargatal (eds.), Handbook of the Birds of the Worl, vol. 6. mousebirds to hornbills. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.


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