Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species ranges from eastern Zimbabwe and central Mozambique northwards through Malawi, eastern Zambia, southeastern DR Congo and Tanzania, to the Lukenya foothills of Kenya. There are outlying records from Mweru Wantipa in the north of Zambia, and from the Zimbabwean side of the middle Zambezi River near Lake Kariba (Taylor 2013).Presence is strongly suspected in Zambias Lower Zambezi NP (Bird and Mateke 2013), however it is noted that confirmation is required. It is present on Zanzibar (Pakenham 1984, Stuart and Stuart 1998, Goldman and Winther-Hansen 2003). It has been recorded from 230 m asl (Gilchrist et al. 2009) to 1,850 m asl (De Luca and Mpunga 2005). It has been reported from Yemen (Nader and Al-Safadi 1991), although Simmons (1995) stated that this record requires confirmation.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It has been recorded from a variety of habitats, including Acacia woodlands in Mozambique, Brachystegia woodland in Zimbabwe, montane and bamboo forest in Tanzanias Udzungwa Mountains, coral-rag thicket and groundwater forest in Zanzibar (Taylor 2013) and miombo woodlands in Zambia (White 2013). It has also been reported from mopane woodland and rocky outcrops (Skinner and Smithers 1990). It is omnivorous.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2015

Assessor/s
White, P.A., Fischer, C., Hausser, Y., Foley, C. & Do Linh San, E.

Reviewer/s
Duckworth, J.W. & Hoffmann, M.

Contributor/s
Hoffmann, M.

Justification
It is listed as Least Concern as this species has a relatively wide distribution in a variety of habitats, has proved to be quite common in areas where camera-trapping surveys have been conducted, there are no major obvious threats, and it is present in several protected areas across its range.

History
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • 1996
    Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
  • 1988
    Indeterminate (I)
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Population

Population
Most accounts of this species report it as uncommon, but recent camera-trapping studies in Zambia'sNorth Luangwa Valley(White 2013) and in Tanzania (Udzungwa Mountains:De Luca and Mpunga 2005; northern Tanzania, including Arusha N. P. and Mahale Mountains N. P.: Pettorelli et al. 2010; Mlele Beekeeping Zone and Rukwa G. R.: Fischer et al. 2013) found this to be one of the most frequently recorded carnivores. It was also the most commonly camera-trappedanimalin other parts of the Eastern Arc Mountains, including the Ulugurus and Ngurus (F. Rovero pers. comm. 2014).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
To our knowledge,there are no major threats to the species.However,miombo woodlands are heavily used for resource extraction by humans (Misanaet al.1996, Mapaure and Campbell 2002) and therefore local management plans might be required to ensure adequate habitat protection for this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
It is present in several protected areas across the range, including North Luangwa N. P. (Zambia), Selous G. R., Mahale Mountains N. P., Arusha N. P., Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Lake Manyara N. P., as well as Pare,Usambara (Amani N. R.), Ukaguru, Uluguru andUdzungwa Mtns (Tanzania). It has also been recorded on the Tanzanian coast at Pangani and Sadaani N. P. (Foley et al. 2014).
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Wikipedia

Bushy-tailed mongoose

The bushy-tailed mongoose (Bdeogale crassicauda) is a mammal in the family Herpestidae found in central Africa, from southern Kenya to central Mozambique.

It is 40–50 cm (16–20 in) long, weighs 0.9–1.6 kg (2.0–3.5 lb), and feeds on small birds and eggs.

Subspecies[edit]

  • B. c. crassicauda, central Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia
  • B. c. nigrescens, Central Kenya (Nairobi)
  • B. c. omnivora, found in northern coastal Tanzania and Kenya, is classified by the IUCN as endangered (as B. omnivora)
  • B. c. puisa, northern Mozambique and southern Tanzania
  • B. c. tenuis, found in Zanzibar, is classified as Lower Risk/least concern.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hoffmann, M. (2008). Bdeogale crassicauda. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 22 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
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