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Neotibicen dorsatus (formerly Tibicen dorsatus; see Hill et al. 2015) occurs in prairie shrubs and grasses in the central United States. It is known from Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming (U.S.A.) (Sanborn & Phillips 2013; Hill et al. 2015)
According to Sanborn & Phillips (2013), this species is usually associated with shrubs in grassland environments. They report finding it associated with sage (Artemisia spp.), squawbush sumac (Rhus trilobata) and various shrubs with the occasional hardwood used as a calling perch and note that it has also been associated with four-wing saltbush (Atriplex canescens), and rabbitbrush (Ericameria nauseosa (Pallas ex. Pursh)G.L. Nesom & Baird), cottonwoods (Populus spp.), willows (Salix spp.), elms (Ulmus spp.), bluestem grass (Andropogon spp.), sumac (Rhus spp.) and goldenrod (Solidago spp.).
Neotibicen dorsatus cicadas resemble N. tremulus in both morphology and song. The song is a tractor-like rattle. (Hill et al. 2015)