IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Phrynobatrachus leveleve is a miniature (snout–vent length < 22 mm) species of puddle frog endemic to São Tomé Island in the Gulf of Guinea. Members of this genus are identified by the presence of a midtarsal tubercle, elongate inner metatarsal tubercle, and outer metatarsal tubercle. Dorsum is a dark grayish-brown, and scapular glands are present with two indistinct glandular ridges topped with 3 to 4 white-pointed asperities forming a broken X-shaped pattern. Tympanum is indistinct, measuring less than half the width of the eye. Ventrum is pale cream-colored and clear except for the throat and a few darkly pigmented spots extending along the flanks to just beyond the front legs and distinct dark brown bars lining the lower jaw. Undersides of the hind limbs are a clear, slight yellowish hue. Like all Phrynobatrachus species, P. leveleve lacks manus webbing; pes webbing is absent or extremely rudimentary and distal phalanxes are T-shaped, resulting in the appearance of dilated toe tips.


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© Zimkus, Breda

Source: African Amphibians Lifedesk

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