The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Barrowclough, G. F., J. G. Groth and L. A. Mertz. 2006. The RAG-1 exon in the avian order Caprimulgiformes: Phylogeny, heterozygosity, and base composition. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 41:238-248
  • Dumbacher, J. P., T. K. Pratt, and R. C. Fleischer. 2003. Phylogeny of the owlet-nightjars (Aves: Aegothelidae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequence. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 29 (3): 540-549.
  • Fidler, A. E., S. Kuhn, and E. Gwinner. 2004. Convergent evolution of strigiform and caprimulgiform dark-activity is supported by phylogenetic analysis using the arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (Aanat) gene. Molecular Phylogenetic and Evolution 33 (3): 908-921.
  • Holyoak, D. 2001. Nightjars and Their Allies: The Caprimulgiformes. Bird Families of the World. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.
  • Iwaniuk, A. N., P. L. Hurd, and D. R. W. Wylie. 2006. The comparative morphology of the cerebellum in caprimulgiform birds: Evolutionary and functional implications. Brain Behavior and Evolution 67 (1): 53-68.
  • Lane, J. E., D. L. Swanson, R. M. Brigham, and A. E. McKechnie. 2004. Physiological responses to temperature by Whip-poor-wills: More evidence for the evolution of low metabolic rates in Caprimulgiformes. Condor 106 (4):921-925.
  • Larsen, C., M. Speed, N. Harvey and H. A. Noyes. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of the nightjars (Aves: Caprimulgidae) suggests extensive conservation of primitive morphological traits across multiple lineages
  • Mariaux, J. and M. J. Braun. 1996. A molecular phylogenetic survey of the nightjars and allies (Caprimulgiformes) with special emphasis on the potoos (Nyctibiidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 6 (2):228-244.
  • Martin, G. R., L. M. Rojas, Y. M. R. Figueroa, and R. McNeil. 2004. Binocular vision and nocturnal activity in oilbirds (Steatornis caripensis) and pauraques (Nyctidromus albicollis): Caprimulgiformes. Ornitologia Neotropical 15:233-242. Suppl. S.
  • Mayr, G. 1999. Caprimulgiform birds from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19 (3):521-532.
  • Mayr, G. 2001. Comments on the osteology of Masillapodargus longipes MAYR 1999 and Paraprefica major MAYR 1999, caprimulgiform birds from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Hessen, Germany). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte 2:65-76.
  • Mayr, G. 2002. Osteological evidence for paraphyly of the avian order Caprimulgiformes (nightjars and allies). Journal für Ornithologie 143 (1):82-97.
  • Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42:789-796.
  • Rojas, L. M., Y. M. Ramirez, G. Marin, and R. McNeil. 2004. Visual capability in Caprimulgiformes. Ornitologia Neotropical 15: 251-260. Suppl. S.
  • Rojas, L. M., Y. M. Ramirez, R. McNeil, M. Mitchell, and G. Marin. 2004. Retinal morphology and electrophysiology of two caprimulgiformes birds: The cave-living and nocturnal oilbird (Steatornis caripensis), and the crepuscularly and nocturnally foraging common pauraque (Nyctidromus albicollis). Brain Behavior and Evolution 64 (1):19-33.
  • Strahan, R. , ed. 1994. Cuckoos, Nightbirds and Kingfishers of Australia. The National Photographic Index of Australian Wildlife. Angus and Robertson.


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