The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Aranda, C., E. Octavi, J. Castella. June 1998. Canine filariasis, Importance and transmission in the Baix Llobregat area, Barcelona. Veterinary Parasitology, 77(4): 267-275.
  • Barnes, R. 1987. Invertebrate Zoology. Orlando, Florida: Dryden Press.
  • Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc..
  • Cancrini, G., E. Allende, G. Favia, F. Bornay, F. Anton. September 2000. Canine dirofilariosis in two cities of southeastern Spain. Veterinary Parasitology, 92(1): 81-86.
  • Gordon D. (ed) (2015). NZIB: New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity (version Jun 2009). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Muro, A., C. Genchi, M. Cordero, F. Simon. September 1999. Human Dirofilariosis in the European Union. Parasitology Today, 15(9): 386-389.
  • Ohio State University, 2001. "Dirofilaria immitis (canine or dog heartworm)" (On-line). Parasites and Parasitological Resources. Accessed September 23, 2004 at
  • Settles, E. 1993. "Canine Heartworm Disease" (On-line). Pets and Companion Animal Publications. Accessed September 23, 2004 at
  • Sloss, M., E. Bendbrook. 1961. Clinical Parasitology. Iowa: Iowa State University Press.
  • Soulsby, E. 1968. Helminiths, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domestic Animals. Baltimore: Baltimore Publishers.


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