Comprehensive Description


Paralomis birsteini sp. n. (Figs. 4, 5a-e)


Paralomis spectabilis; Birstein & Vinogradov 1967, p.390, figs. 1,2 (not Hansen 1908).


Holotype. USNM 228830, ♀; LC = 55mm; MW = 53mm. USARP, Eltanin Cruise 27, Sta. 1946, 2 Feb 1967, 67°29'S, 179°55'W, 1080m.


Paratypes. ZMUM 2518, 2 ♂ ♂; LC= 67, 68mm; MW = 67, 74mm; 3 ♂ ♂ (broken). R/S Ob, Sta. 377, 1 Apr. 1958, 67°23'S, 179°53'W, 500-900m.




Carapace somewhat pentagonal in its contour, as long as broad, dorsal surface covered with granules of small size and several spines. Gastric region convex, more promi­nent than other areas. One unpaired spine in front of central portion, 3 pairs of shorter spines out towards lateral margins. Cardiac region, separated from gastric one by deep transverse furrow, with 2 pairs of small spines. Branchial region with 1 small spine near cervical groove, 1, more acute, in center of area, and 2 near postero-lateral angle.


Rostrum terminating in 1 median inferior and 2 lateral superior spines, surpassing end of eyes. Median lower spine weakly curved upward, without granules on its ventral side; dorsal pair more curved and directly obliquely upward.


Post-ocular spine small, not surpassing end of eyes. First antero-lateral spine strong. Carapace margins with 5-6 spines of different sizes on anterior half and 4 on postero-lateral angle. Some small spines on posterior margin.


Eye stalks with several dorsal granules near cornea. First segment of antennal peduncle with 1 small spine on outer border. Second segment with 1 strong spine and 1 small tubercle on outer margin. Acicle with single strong terminal spine, not surpassing end of antennal peduncle. One or two smaller spines on outer margin and 1-2 very small spinules on inner side.


Chelipeds subequal in length, right stouter than left. Merus and carpus armed with several spines, stronger on dorsal margin. Hands with small spines on dorsal edge. Several granules on surface of articles. Tufts of hairs on fingers.


Walking legs long, slender and depressed. Third leg more than 2 times length of carapace, shorter than first and second. Merus of third leg 1.7 times as long as carpus and 4-5 times as long as broad. About 10-12 distinct spines present on anterior margin, 6-8 smaller on pos­terior edge. Carpus only with a row of spines (9-10) on anterior margin. Propodus usually 5 times as long as broad and 0.8 times length of merus, with 9-11 spines on anterior border and 6-7 on posterior one. Several spines on dorsal surface of merus, carpus and propodus, being smaller on last article. Ventral margins smooth. Dactylus longer than propodus, with small spines on proximal portion and a row of 12-15 spinules on posterior margin.


Abdominal segments covered with granules of different sizes. Small spines on external edges of second segment. One small dimple on either side of median line. Marginal plates of segments 3-5 not subdivided, not fused with lateral ones.






This species is dedicated in homage to Dr Y. A. Birstein from the Department of Invertebrate Zoology of the State University of Moscow, for his important contributions to the knowledge of the Lithodidae.




Among the known species of the genus, P. spectabilis Hansen, 1908 (North Atlantic) is the closest kin of the new species. P. spectabilis is, however, distinguished from P. birsteini in the following ways.


In P. spectabilis (1) the rostrum is slightly pedunculated, (2) the dactylus of the walking legs is shorter than the propodus and (3) the acicle has the inner border smooth (Figs. 5f—h). In contrast to these features, in P. birsteini (1) the rostrum is not pedunculated, (2) the ambulatory legs are much more slender and the dactylus is longer than the propodus and (3) the acicle has 1-2 small spines on the inner margin.”



(Macpherson, 1988)

Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 3.0 (CC BY-NC 3.0)

© National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

Source: Antarctic Invertebrates Website (NMNH)


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Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Paralomis birsteini Macpherson, 1988
Catalog Number: USNM 228830
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): University of Southern California
Year Collected: 1967
Locality: Scott Island Bank, Antarctica, Antarctic Ocean
Depth (m): 1080 to 1080
Vessel: Eltanin R/V
  • Holotype: Macpherson, E. 1988. Three new species of Paralomis (Crustacea, Decapoda, Anomura, LithodidaeI from the Pacific and Antarctic Oceans. Zool. Scr. 17 (1): 69-75.
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections


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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1080 - 1080
  Temperature range (°C): 0.992 - 0.992
  Nitrate (umol/L): 32.751 - 32.751
  Salinity (PPS): 34.723 - 34.723
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.578 - 4.578
  Phosphate (umol/l): 2.191 - 2.191
  Silicate (umol/l): 115.024 - 115.024
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.


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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Paralomis birsteini

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)


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