The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Coddington, J. A. and H. W. Levi. 1991. Systematics and evolution of spiders (Araneae). Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 22:565-592.
  • Hausdorf, B. 1999. Molecular phylogeny of araneomorph spiders. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 12:980-985.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!