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Jakobids (Jakobida or Jakobea) are a small group of free-living, heterotrophic flagellates. There are only a dozen described species, including incertae sedis organisms, plus two undescribed species for which there are, nonetheless, substantial molecular data. Jakobids were not recognized as a group until the early 1990s, and were poorly studied until that time. Since then they have garnered considerable interest for evolutionary reasons, primarily because of their uniquely bacterial-like mitochondrial genomes.