The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Cepicka, I., Kostka, M., Uzlíková, M., Kulda, J., and J. Flegr. 2008. Non-monophyly of Retortamonadida and high genetic diversity of the genus Chilomastix. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 48(2):770-775.
  • Keeling, P. J., and W. F. Doolittle. 1996. A non-canonical genetic code in an early diverging eukaryotic lineage. EMBO J. 15: 2285-2290.
  • Keeling, P.J., and G. Brugerolle. 2006. Evidence from SSU rRNA phylogeny that Octomitus is a sister lineage to Giardia. Protist 157: 205-212.
  • Kolisko, M., Cepicka, I., Hampl, V., Kulda, J., and J. Flegr. 2005. The phylogenetic position of enteromonads: a challenge for the present models of diplomonad evolution. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 55: 1729-1733.
  • Kolisko, M., Cepicka, I., Hampl, V., Leigh, J., Roger, A. J., Kulda, J., Simpson, A. G. B., and J. Flegr. 2008. Molecular phylogeny of diplomonads and enteromonads based on SSU rRNA, α-tubulin and HSP90 genes: implications for the evolutionary history of the double karyomastigont of diplomonads. BMC Evol. Biol. 8: 205.
  • Silberman, J. D., Simpson, A. G. B., Kulda, J., Cepicka, I., Hampl, V., Johnson, P. J., and A. J. Roger. 2002. Retortamonad flagellates are closely related to diplomonads — implications for the history of mitochondrial function in eukaryote evolution. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 19: 777-786.
  • Simpson, A. G. B. 2003. Cytoskeletal organization, phylogenetic affinities and systematics in the contentious taxon Excavata (Eukaryota). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol. 53: 1759-1777.
  • Simpson, A. G. B., Roger, A. J., Silberman, J. D., Leipe, D. D., Edgcomb, V. P., Jermiin, L. S., Patterson, D. J., and M. L. Sogin. 2002. Evolutionary history of "early-diverging" eukaryotes: the excavate taxon Carpediemonas is a close relative of Giardia. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19: 1782-1791.
  • Simpson, A. G. B., and D. J. Patterson. 1999. The ultrastructure of Carpediemonas membranifera (Eukaryota) with reference to the "excavate hypothesis". Eur. J. Protistol. 35: 353-370.
  • Yubuki, N., Inagaki, Y., Nakayama, T., and I. Inouye. 2007. Ultrastructure and ribosomal RNA phylogeny of the free-living heterotrophic flagellate Dysnectes brevis n. gen., n. sp., a new member of the Fornicata. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 54: 191-200.


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