The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bourlat S.J., Juliusdottir T., Lowe C.J., Freeman R., Aronowicz J., Kirschner M., Lander E.S., Thorndyke M., Nakano H., Kohn A.B., Heyland A., Moroz L.L., Copley R.R. & Telford M.J., 2006. Deuterostome phylogeny reveals monophyletic chordates and the new phylum Xenoturbellida. Nature 444: 85-88
  • Tyler Seth, and Stephen Schilling / Zhang, Z.-Q., ed. 2011. Phylum Xenacoelomorpha Philippe, et al., 2011. In: Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, issue 3148. 24-25
  • WoRMS (2015). Xenoturbellida. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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