The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Karling T.G. 1983. Phylogeny of Paragnathorhynchus Meixner and Aculeorhynchus Schilke (Turbellaria, Kalyptorhynchia) Zoologica Scripta 12: 73-76
  • Meixner J., 1938. Turbellaria (Strudelwuermer). I. Allgemeines Teil. In: G. Grimpe, E. Wagler, A Remane (eds). Die Tierwelt der Nord- und Ostsee 33(IVb):1-146
  • WoRMS (2015). Paragnathorhynchus subterraneus. In: Artois, T.; Schockaert, E. & Tyler, S. (2015) World database of Proseriata and Kalyptorhynchia. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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