The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Ax P. 1952. index card avail.
     . Eine Brackwasser-Lebensgemeinschaft an Holzpfaehlen des Nord-Ostsee-Kanals. Kieler Meeresforschungen 8:229-242,2 tab.
  • Ax P. 1956. index card avail.
     . Les turbellariés des etangs cotiers du littoral mediterraneen de la France meridionale. Vie et Milieu, Suppl. No. 5 (Paris):1-215.
  • Ax P. 2008.   . Plathelminthes aus Brackgewässern der Nordhalbkugel. Akademie der Wissenschaft und der Literatur Mainz, Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 696 pp.
  • Boaden PJS. 1963. index card avail.
     . The interstitial fauna of some North Wales beaches. J mar biol Ass U K 43:79-96.
  • Dittmann S, Reise K. 1985. index card avail.
     . Assemblage of free-living Plathelminthes on an intertidal mud flat in the North Sea. Microfauna Marina 2: 95-115.
  • Hartog C den. 1964.   . Proseriate flatworms from the deltaic area of the rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt. I-II. Proc Kon Ned Akad Wetensch Amsterdam C 67: 10-34.
  • Hellwig M. 1987. index card avail.
     . Oekologie freilebender Plathelminthen in Grenzraum Watt-Salzwiese lenitischer Gezeitenkuesten. Microfauna Marina 3:157-244.
  • Karling TG, Kinnander H. 1953.   . Några vievelmaskar från Oestersjoen. Svensk Faunistisk Revy (3)1953:73-79.
  • Krumwiede A, Witt J. 1995.   . Zur Verbreitung freilebender Plathelminthen im Weserästuar. Microfauna Marina 10: 319-326.
  • Luther A. 1960. index card avail.
     . Die Turbellarien Ostfennoskandiens I. Acoela, Catenulida, Macrostomida, Lecithoepitheliata, Prolecithophora, und Proseriata. Fauna Fennica 7:1-155.
  • Martens EE. 1984. index card avail.
     . Ultrastructure of the spines in the copulatory organ of some Monocelididae (Turbellaria, Proseriata). Zoomorphology 104:261-265.
  • Meixner J. (1943) Uber die Umbildung eiener Turbellarienart nach Einwanderung aus dem Meere ins Susswasser Internationale Revue der gesanten Hydrobiologie 43: 458-468
  • Noreña C, Damborenea C, Faubel A & Brusa F. 2007.  abstract/note. Composition of meiobenthonic Platyhelminthes from brackish environments of the Galician and Cantabrian coasts of Spain with the description of a new species of Djeziraia (Polycystididae, Kalyptorhynchia). Journal of Natural History 41 (29-32): 1989-2005.
  • Scherer B. 1985.   . Annual dynamics of a meiofauna community from the "sulfide layer" of a North Sea sand flat. Microfauna Marina 2:.
  • Schockaert, E.R.; Jouk, P.E.H.; Martens, P.M. 1989. Free-living Plathelminthes from the Belgian coast and adjacent areas, in: Wouters, K.; Baert, L. (Ed.) (1989). Proceedings of the Symposium "Invertebrates of Belgium".
  • Sopott B. 1972. index card avail.
     . Systematik und Oekologie von Proseriaten (Turbellaria) der deutschen Nordseekueste. Mikrofauna Meeresbodens 13:1-72 [165-236].
  • WoRMS (2015). Promonotus schultzei. In: Artois, T.; Schockaert, E. & Tyler, S. (2015) World database of Proseriata and Kalyptorhynchia. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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