Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Thick shell, up to 5 cm, with moderate spire and prominent nodules on shoulders of whorls. Colour light yellow to fawn, to dark purplish brown, with a single whitish band across the centre of the body whorl and another around shoulders. Base of the shell purplish-brown. Aperture narrow and purple with faint central, white band. Habitat: around rocks and coral reefs in shallow water. Distribution: Indo-Pacific. (Richmond, 1997).
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 28 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 24 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -5 - 32
  Temperature range (°C): 24.257 - 28.540
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.050 - 0.439
  Salinity (PPS): 34.174 - 35.837
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.347 - 4.817
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.086 - 0.264
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.103 - 4.026

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -5 - 32

Temperature range (°C): 24.257 - 28.540

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.050 - 0.439

Salinity (PPS): 34.174 - 35.837

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.347 - 4.817

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.086 - 0.264

Silicate (umol/l): 1.103 - 4.026
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
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Depth range based on 28 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 24 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -5 - 32
  Temperature range (°C): 24.257 - 28.540
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.050 - 0.439
  Salinity (PPS): 34.174 - 35.837
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.347 - 4.817
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.086 - 0.264
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.103 - 4.026

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -5 - 32

Temperature range (°C): 24.257 - 28.540

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.050 - 0.439

Salinity (PPS): 34.174 - 35.837

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.347 - 4.817

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.086 - 0.264

Silicate (umol/l): 1.103 - 4.026
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Conus lividus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Conus lividus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 35
Specimens with Barcodes: 36
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data: Conus aff. lividus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Conus aff. lividus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Conus lividus

Conus lividus, common name the livid cone, is a species of sophisticated predatory sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails, cone shells or cones.

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Description[edit]

The size of an adult shell varies between 25 mm and 81 mm. The spire is coronated, depressed conical. The lower half of the body whorl is distantly striated, and the striae sparsely granulous. The color of the shell is light yellowish or olivaceous to orange-brown. The tubercles of the spire and a band below the shoulder, as well as a central band on the body-whorl, are white. The base and the interior are violaceous. The epidermis is somewhat tufted in distant revolving series.[3]

Distribution[edit]

This cone snail has a very wide distribution. It is found in the Red Sea, in the Indian Ocean along Aldabra, Chagos, Mascarene Basin, Mauritius, Mozambique, Tanzania and the West Coast of South Africa; in the entire Pacific Ocean.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bruguière, J. G., and Hwass, C. H., 1792. Cone. Encyclopédie Méthodique: Histoire Naturelle des Vers, 1: 586 -757
  2. ^ a b Conus lividus Bruguière, 1792. 28 July 2011. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species.
  3. ^ George Washington Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. VI, p. 45; 1879
  • Dautzenberg, P. (1923). Liste preliminaire des mollusques marins de Madagascar et description de deux especes nouvelles. Journal de Conchyliologie 68: 21-74
  • Drivas, J. & M. Jay (1988). Coquillages de La Réunion et de l'île Maurice
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp.
  • Branch, G.M. et al. (2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town & Johannesburg
  • Spencer, H.; Marshall. B. (2009). All Mollusca except Opisthobranchia. In: Gordon, D. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand Inventory of Biodiversity. Volume One: Kingdom Animalia. 584 pp
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4, 2009 Edition
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp.

Gallery[edit]

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Source: Wikipedia

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