Habitat and Ecology
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Although one site on Boavista is vulnerable to pollution events, the rest of its range is relatively undisturbed and the populations are secure, hence the species is assessed as Near Threatened.
In Boavista there are 3 subpopulations, of which one has declined, and on Maio there are 3-4 populations, usually indicated by the different colour forms (M.J. Tenorio pers. comm 2011).
This species is endemic to the islands of Boavista and Maio, Cape Verde, where it is restricted to less than 33 km coast. The populations on Boavista around the Sal-Rei harbour area have shown past declines, and these regions were where some of the greatest abundance of this species used be found. The other two populations on Boavista are not in decline.
The populations around Sal-Rei remain vulnerable to pollution events around the harbour, and from fishing vessels and oil tankers moving in and out of the harbour.
The populations on Maio are considered secure.
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This species occurs in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean and in the Mediterranean Sea.
- olán, E., 1980. Descripcion de Tres Nuevas Especies del Genero Conus Linne, 1758 (Mollusca: Gastropoda), Procedentes del Archipielago de Cabo Verde. Bollettino Malacologico, 16 (3-4 ): 79 -94
- Conus josephinae Rolán (Mosquera), 1980. Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
- Rolán, E., 1980. Descripcion de Tres Nuevas Especies del Genero Conus Linne, 1758 (Mollusca: Gastropoda), Procedentes del Archipielago de Cabo Verde. Bollettino Malacologico, 16 (3-4 ): 79 -94
- Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4th 2009 Edition
- Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp.
- Puillandre N., Duda T.F., Meyer C., Olivera B.M. & Bouchet P. (2015). One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1-23