The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Burton, J. A., and B. Pearson. 1987. Rare Mammals of the World, WIlliam Collins Sons & Co. ltd.
  • Busch Gardens. 1996. Animal Bytes: Dromedary Camel.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Dagg, A. I., and H. Gaulthier-Pilters. 1981. The Camel. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London.
  • Fowler, Murray E. 1998. Medicine and Surgery of South American Camelids: Llama, Alpaca, Vicuna, Guanaco. Iowa State Press. 549 p.
  • Gauthier-Pilthers H. and A. Dagg. 1981. The camel, its evolution, ecology, behavior and relationship to man. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Hartley, B. J. 1984. The Dromedary of the Horn of Africa. Pages 77-97 in W. R. Cockrill, editor. The Camelid. An all purpose animal. Motala Grafiska AB, Uppsala, Sweden.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kiltie, R. A. 1982. Intraspecific Variation in the Mammalian Gestation Period. Journal of Mammalogy 63:646-652.
  • Kohler Rollefson, I. U. 1991. Camelus dromedarius. Mammalian Species 375:1-8.
  • Kohler-Rollefson. 1991. Camelus dromedarius. In: Mammalian Species. No. 375.
  • Lovegrove, B. G. 2000. The Zoogeography of Mammalian Basal Metabolic Rate. American Naturalist 156:201-219.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Nowak, R.M. (ed). 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. Vol II. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.
  • Oakland Zoo. 1997. Dromedary Camel.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Phenoix Zoo. 1995. Dromedary Camel (Arabian Camel)
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Ronald Nowak (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Schmidt-Nielsen, B. K. Schmidt-Nielsen, T.R. Houpt and S.A. Jarnum. 1956. Water balance of the camel. American Journal of physiology. 185: 185-194.
  • Schmidt-Nielsen, K. 1979. Desert Animals, Physiological Problems of Heat and Water. New York: Dover Publications Inc.
  • Schmidt-Nielsen, K.; Schroter, R. C.; Shkolnik, A. 1981. Desaturation of Exhaled Air in Camels. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 211(1184): 305-319.
  • Shuker, KPN. 2001. The Hidden Powers of Animals: Uncovering the Secrets of Nature. London: Marshall Editions Ltd. 240 p.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Wilson, R. T. 1984. The Camel. Longman, London and New York.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!