The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. National Biodiversity Network Species Dictionary (Jan 2003). External link.
  • 2. Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. & Sankey, J. (1961) Land invertebrates: a guide to British worms, molluscs and arthropods (excluding insects). Methuen & Co Ltd., London.
  • 3. Nichols, D., Cooke, J. & Whiteley, D. (1971) The Oxford Book of Invertebrates. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 4. BBC Wildfacts (March 2003) External link.
  • 5. Buczacki, S. (2002) Fauna Britannica. Hamlyn, London.
  • Collins, M. 2004. Design and nature II: comparing design in nature with science and engineering. Southampton: WIT.
  • Foy, Sally; Oxford Scientific Films. 1982. The Grand Design: Form and Colour in Animals. Lingfield, Surrey, U.K.: BLA Publishing Limited for J.M.Dent & Sons Ltd, Aldine House, London. 238 p.
  • Lumbricus terrestris Linnaeus, 1758
  • Quillin, KJ. 2000. Ontogenetic scaling of burrowing forces in the earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris. Journal of Experimental Biology. 203: 2757-2770.
  • Steven Vogel. 2003. Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 580 p.


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