IUCN threat status:

Critically Endangered (CR)

Brief Summary

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  • Originally described from just four specimens, the only morphological data is in the original description.
  • This species is presently classified as critically endangered and its conservation has greatest priority.
  • Any further studies should be non-invasive, non-destructive investigations on the type and few additional specimens obtained by Dr M Menegon, Museo Tridentino di Scienze Naturali, Trento, Italy.

Diagnostic description
  • A dwarf species
  • Largest female in type series (holotype) 21.6mm, largest male17.6mm snout-vent length.
  • Skin covered with fine spinules/granules over entire surface with small white tubercles/spines on sides of head and dorsal surfaces of the head, body, fore- and hind limbs.
  • Parotid glands long and very narrow; snout pointed, margins of snout well defined with a light line passing from the tip of the snout through the nostril and eye (dorsal margin of eye with silvery white patch) passing along the upper eyelid and continued as a narrow light line along either side of the body.
  • A white line along the margins of the upper lip; no tympanum (external ear drum).
  • Dorsal coloration dark brown - a leaf mimic, matching the colour and texture colour of the leaf litter on the forest floor.
  • A characteristic brown ‘smudge’ marking across the chest and a dark brown pelvic patch beset with distinctive white tubercles extending across the inner margins of the ventral surfaces of the thighs.
  • Undersides of the hands and feet also dark brown with white tubercles.
  • Throat and tips of fingers crimson red in life.
  • Webbing between toes greatly reduced, almost basal only.
(Clarke, 1988).


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