The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • Barton, R. 1999. The evolutionary ecology of the primate brain. Pages 167-203 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Eisenberg, J. E., and K. H. Redford. 1999. Mammals of the Neotropics, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Emmons, L. 1990. Neotropical Rainforest Mammals. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Flannery, S. March 26, 2000. "Black-capped Capuchin, Primate Info Net" (On-line). Accessed May 2, 2001 at
  • Forbes, P., B. MacKeith, R. Perberdy. 1984. All The World's Animals: Primates. New York, Toronto: Torstar Books.
  • Freese, C., and J. R. Oppenheimer. 1981. The capuchin monkeys, genus A. F. Coimbra-Filho and R. A. Mittermeier, editors. Ecology and behaviour of neotropical primates, vol. 1. Academia Brasiliera de Ciências, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Gonzalez-Solis, J., E. Mateos, S. Manosa, M. Ontanon, M. GonzalezMartin, and J. C. Guix. 1996. Abundance estimates of primates in an Atlantic rainforest area of southeastern Brazil. Mammalia 60:488-491.
  • Guillotin, M., G. Dubost, and D. Sabatier. 1994. Food Choice and Food Competition among the 3 Major Primate Species of French-Guiana. Journal of Zoology 233:551-579.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kappeler, P. M., and E. W. Heymann. 1996. Nonconvergence in the evolution of primate life history and socio-ecology. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 59:297-326.
  • Kappeler, P. M., and M. E. Pereira. 2003. Primate Life Histories and Socioecology. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, ILlinois, USA.
  • Kinzey, W. 1989. New World Primates: Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior. New York: Aldine De Gruyter.
  • Lee, P. C. 1999. Comparative ecology of postnatal growth and weaning among haplorhine primates. Pages 111-139 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Lee, P. C., P. Majluf, and I. J. Gordon. 1991. Growth, Weaning and Maternal Investment from a Comparative Perspective. Journal of Zoology 225:99-114.
  • Linn, G. 1995. American Journal of Primatology.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Mittermeier, Rusell A., Anthony B. Rylands, and Don E. Wilson, eds. 2013. Handbook of the Mammals of the World. Volume 3. Primates. 951
  • Nowak, R. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World, Fifth Edition. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Nowak, R. M. 1991. Walker's Mammals of the World. 5 edition. The John Hopkins University Press, Baltimore & London.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Mar 2015). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Peres, C. 1993. Notes on the primates of the Jurua river, Western Brazilian-Amazonia. Folia Primatologica 61:97-103.
  • Pontes, A. R. M. 1999. Environmental determinants of primate abundance in Maraca Island, Roraima, Brazilian Amazonia. Journal of Zoology 247:189-199
  • Purvis, A., J. L. Gittleman, G. Cowlishaw, and G. M. Mace. 2000. Predicting extinction risk in declining species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 267:1947-1952.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Robinson, J. G., and C. H. Janson. 1987. Capuchins, Squirrel Monkeys, and Atelines: Socioecological Convergence with Old World Primates. Pages 69-82 in B. Smuts, D. L. Cheney, P. M. Seyfarth, R. W. Wrangham, and T. T. Struhsaker, editors. Primate Societies. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Ross, C. 1988. The Intrinsic Rate of Natural Increase and Reproductive Effort in Primates. Journal of Zoology 214:199-219.
  • Ross, C., and K. E. Jones. 1999. Socioecology and the evolution of primate reproductive rates. Pages 73-110 in P. C. Lee, editor. Comparative Primate Socioecology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
  • Rowe, N. 1996. The pictorial guide to the living primates. New York: Pogonias Press.
  • Rylands, A., R. Mittermeier, E. Rodriguez-Luna. 1997. Conservation of Neotropical Primates: Threatened Species and an Analysis of Primate Diversity by Country and Region. Folia Primatologica, 68: 134-160.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Smuts, B. B., D. L. Cheney, R. M. Seyfarth, R. W. Wrangham, and T. T. Struhsaker. 1987. Primate Societies. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!