Overview

Distribution

Range Description

It occurs in western and central Africa, ranging from the Cross River in southeastern Nigeria east to Cameroon and Central African Republic and southward to Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Congo Republic and DR Congo (Van Rompaey and Colyn 2013). In 1994, a relic population was discovered in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, approximately 200 km west of the Cross River (Colyn and Van Rompaey 1994) and a specimen was recovered being sold as bushmeat in Ibeno, just west of the Cross River (Angelici et al. 1999). It has been collected from sea level to elevations of around 600640 m asl (Van Rompaey and Colyn 2013).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
They inhabit forested areas near swampy places or near streams and stream-beds (Van Rompaey and Colyn 2013). In the Dzanga-Sangha, Central African Republic, they prefer dense and tangled understorey in forest, avoiding the very open understories of the stands of mono-dominant Gilbertiodendron dewevrei forest (Ray 1995, 1997). In a recent set of surveys conducted throughout Gabon, this species was found across almost all habitat types, although rainforestusually near watercourses and in areas with dense understoreywas a more common habitat (Bahaa-el-din et al. 2013). They are omnivorous.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Observations: Not much is known about the longevity of these animals, but one specimen lived 11.4 years old in captivity (Richard Weigl 2005).
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2015

Assessor/s
Ray, J., Bahaa-el-din, L., Angelici, F.M. & Do Linh San, E.

Reviewer/s
Duckworth, J.W. & Hoffmann, M.

Contributor/s
Hoffmann, M.

Justification
This species is listed as Least Concern as it is relatively widespread in the Congo forest basin, abundant in some areas, and present in several protected areas. Although it may be declining in some areas due to habitat loss and bushmeat hunting, it is not declining at a rate that warrants listing in a higher category of threat.

History
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • 1996
    Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
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Population

Population
Until recently, they were thought to be very rare, as reflected in the small number of museum specimens and general lack of study. In southwest Central African Republic, this is the most abundant small carnivore (Ray 1997, Ray and Sunquist 2001). However, in other areas, they are not as abundant as other forest carnivores (especially cusimansesCrossarchus spp.), and they are rare in the Niger Delta (Van Rompaey and Colyn 2013).

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
Although there are no major threats known to the species, numbers probably are declining as a result of forest fragmentation and forest loss by logging, mining, and slash and burn farming. They are also hunted for bushmeat (Bahaa-el-din et al. 2013, Van Rompaey and Colyn 2013).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
They are known to be present in protected areas, such as Dzanga-Sangha N. P. (Central African Republic), Lop N. P., Ivindo N. P., Loando N. P. (Gabon) and Cross River N. P. (Nigeria). In the latter country, they are also very probably present in Edumanom Forest Reserve. Nonetheless, given their dependency upon forested habitats, and localised declines because ofhabitat loss and hunting, there is clearly a need for continued population monitoring of this species.
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