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Range DescriptionNilgiri Marten is endemic to the Western Ghats of India,south of 13N (about Charmad - Kanapadi); 23 localities, most with very recent records, were traced by Sreehari and Nameer (2013).Most of these localities are in protected areas or reserved forests (see 'Conservation'). In recent times it hasalso been photo-documented in tea and other plantation areas adjoining forests, particularly in the Anamalai hills (e.g., Anoop 2013, D. Muddapa pers. comm. 2014).
It has been recorded across a wide range of elevations from 300 to 2,600 m asl (within 100 m of thesummit ofthe highest peak within itsrange; Mudappa 1999, Balakrishnan 2005, Krishna and Karnad 2010, D. Muddapa pers. comm. 2014). Although there has been no formal assessment that accounts for variable search effort across the altitudinal gradient, it appears that thespeciesoccurs mostly inmedium to high elevations of about 800-2,600 m asl (D. Jathanna pers. comm. 2014).