Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Servaline Genet ranges from southern Cameroon, south of the Sanaga River, and Central African Republic and southwards in Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Republic of the Congo to southern Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, and possibly also Burundi (unconfirmed record from Kibira forest; Wilson, 1990).There are discontinuous populations in the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania, including the North Pare Mtns, Udzungwa Mtns, East Usambara Mtns, Uluguru Mtns, Rubeho Mtns, and Nguru North and South Mtns (Rovero et al. 2006,Cordero and Seltzer 2012,Van Rompaey and Colyn 2013). De Luca and Mpunga (2013) did not camera-trap or observe the species in Mt Rungwe Nature Reserve and Kitulo National Park, south-west Tanzania. Similarly, a recent camera-trapping study did not yield any picture of Servaline Genet from the Mlele Beekeeping Zone and the northern part of Rukwe Game Reserve, western Tanzania (Fischer et al. 2013). Gaubert et al. (2006) gave museum records from north of the Sanaga River, from several additional localities in Tanzania, as well as from two localities in south-eastern DR Congo (these are not mapped). The species is present on Zanzibar (Van Rompaey and Colyn 1998, Goldman and Winther-Hansen 2003). It is recorded from almost sea level to 3,500 m a.s.l. on Mt Elgon, Kenya (Kingdon 1977) and perhaps to elevations above 4,400 m a.s.l. in eastern DR Congo (Verschuren 1972).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is present in primary and secondary lowland, submontane and montane forests and gallery forests.In Gabon, Servaline Genet was recently recorded throughout the country and across most habitat types (Bahaa-el-dinet al.2013).Van Rompaey and Colyn (2013) gave a summary of several of the habitats from which they have been recorded including wet forests in Kenya, high-altitude bamboo forest in the Udzungwa Mountains, and groundwater forest and coral rag thicket on Zanzibar.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Observations: Not much is known about the longevity of these animals, though they have been known to live at least 14.8 years in captivity (Richard Weigl 2005).
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2015

Assessor/s
Gaubert, P., De Luca, D.W., Rovero, F. & Do Linh San, E.

Reviewer/s
Duckworth, J.W. & Hoffmann, M.

Contributor/s
Hoffmann, M.

Justification
Servaline Genet is listed as Least Concern because the species has a wide distribution range, is present in a variety of habitats, and it appears to be common. It may be undergoing localised declines in some regions due to hunting and forest loss, especially in the Eastern Arc Mountains and Zanzibar.

History
  • Least Concern (LC)
  • 1996
    Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)
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Population

Population
This is a common species. In Gabon, Charles-Dominique (1978) estimated the average density at one individual/km. Kingdon (1977) noted that the species appeared to be particularly common at an altitude between 2,100 and 3,000 m a.s.l. on Mt Elgon, and it is also common in moist forests of the Udzungwa Mountains at altitudes of 3001,800 m a.s.l. (De Luca and Mpunga 2002, F. Rovero pers. obs. 2002-2014).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats to this species.It is believed that the current use of this species does not threaten local populations.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Servaline Genet is present in several protected areas across the range, including G. s. archeri in JozaniChakwa BayNational Park, Zanzibar (Goldman and Winther-Hansen 2003, D. De Luca pers. obs. 2014). Lowes Servaline Genet was rediscovered in the Udzungwa Mountains National Park in south-central Tanzania after a gap of nearly 70 years (Brink et al. 2002, De Luca and Mpunga 2002).
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Wikipedia

Servaline genet

The servaline genet (Genetta servalina) is a species of carnivore of the family Viverridae, related to civets and linsangs. Like all genets, it appears outwardly feline, despite not being a close relative of the cat family.

Subspecies[edit]

A number of subspecies of servaline are recognised. These include:

  • Lowe's servaline genet (G. s. lowei). For many years this was only known from the type specimen, a single pelt collected in the Udzungwa Mountains, Tanzania, in 1932. It was rediscovered during a live trapping survey in 2000, and made the news in 2002 when it was photo-trapped in Udzungwa for the first time. It has since been caught in camera traps in the Uluguru and Nguru ranges, raising the possibility that it is even more widely distributed in Tanzania's Eastern Arc Mountains.[2]

The endangered crested servaline genet (G. cristata) was also considered to be a subspecies of the Servaline Genet, but is now generally regarded as a valid species.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Van Rompaey, H., Gaubert, P., De Luca, D., Rovero, F. & Hoffmann, M. (2008). Genetta servalina. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 24 march 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
  2. ^ Rovero, F., Doggart, N., Bowkett, A. & Burgess, N. (2006). "New Records for Lowe's Servaline Genet from the Eastern Arc Mountains of Tanzania". Oryx 40 (2): 139. 
  3. ^ Goldman, H. V. & Winther-Hansen, J. (2003). "The Small Carnivores of Unguja: Results of a Photo-trapping Survey in Jozani Forest Reserve, Zanzibar, Tanzania". Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
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