Datos acerca de <i>Ursus maritimus</i>

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Distribución

Datos acerca de <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
latitude min
Detalles adicionales 63.1 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Detalles adicionales 78 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
longitude min
Detalles adicionales -94.9 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Detalles adicionales 17 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
geographic distribution includes
Detalles adicionales European waters (ERMS scope) World Register of Marine Species  
Detalles adicionales North West Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  
Detalles adicionales Spitsbergen World Register of Marine Species  

Descripción Física

Datos acerca de <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
body length (VT) average
Detalles adicionales 1.99 m adult PanTHERIA  
body mass average
Detalles adicionales 371.7 kg adult PanTHERIA  
average Detalles adicionales 670.48 g newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Detalles adicionales 8.5 kg weanling PanTHERIA  
Detalles adicionales 145 kg White and Seymour, 2014  
teat number average
Detalles adicionales 4 PanTHERIA  
weight
Detalles adicionales 475.0 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Detalles adicionales 665 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Detalles adicionales 27.0 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecología

Datos acerca de <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
habitat
Detalles adicionales archipelago Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales cold temperature habitat
  • cold temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales continental shelf
  • continental shelf
    The extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000223
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales drainage basin
  • drainage basin
    A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales ice sheet Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales ice sheet Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales iceberg Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales island Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales island Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales marine habitat
  • marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Detalles adicionales ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales polynya
  • polynya
    Any enclosed water area in pack ice other than a lead, not large enough to be called open water. When frozen over, a polyna becomes an ice skylight from the point of view of the submariner.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000484
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales saline water Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales sea Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales sea Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales sea ice Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales shore
  • shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales shoreline Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales terrestrial biome Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales terrestrial habitat IUCN  
Detalles adicionales tundra
  • tundra
    Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Environments - EOL project  
Detalles adicionales upwelling
  • upwelling
    An oceanographic feature that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, replacing the warmer, usually nutrient-deplete surface water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000005
Environments - EOL project  
trophic level
Detalles adicionales omnivore PanTHERIA  
interacts with
Detalles adicionales Beluga GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Delphinapterus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Hominidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Homininae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Hominoideos GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Homo GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Humano GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Monodon GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Monodontidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Narval GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phoca GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phoca largha GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phocidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Ursidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Ursus GloBI  
interacts with
Detalles adicionales Anatidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Barnacla Cariblanca GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Beluga GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Branta GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Cervidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Cystophora GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Delphinapterus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Erignathus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Foca Anillada GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Foca Barbuda GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Foca Capuchina GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Foca De Groenlandia GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Hominidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Homininae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Hominoideos GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Homo GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Humano GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Monodon GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Monodontidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Narval GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Oso Polar GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Oso Polar GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Pagophilus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phoca GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phoca largha GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phocidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Pusa GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Rangifer GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Reno GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Ursidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Ursus GloBI  
feeds on
Detalles adicionales Beluga GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Beluga GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Delphinapterus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Delphinapterus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Erignathus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Foca Anillada GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Foca Barbuda GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Monodon GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Monodontidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Monodontidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Morsa GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Narval GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Odobenus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Odobenus Rosmarus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phoca GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phoca largha GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phocidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phocidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Phocidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Pusa GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Ursidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Ursus GloBI  
has predator
Detalles adicionales Hominidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Homininae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Hominoideos GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Homo GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Humano GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Oso Polar GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Oso Polar GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Somniosidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Somniosus GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Tollo De Groenlandia GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Ursidae GloBI  
Detalles adicionales Ursus GloBI  
habitat breadth
Detalles adicionales 1 PanTHERIA  
diet breadth
Detalles adicionales 3 PanTHERIA  
water nitrate concentration min
Detalles adicionales 0.7 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Detalles adicionales 2.39 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water temperature min
Detalles adicionales 0.3 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Detalles adicionales 0.75 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
water silicate concentration min
Detalles adicionales 1.93 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Detalles adicionales 4.63 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water phosphate concentration min
Detalles adicionales 0.53 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Detalles adicionales 0.58 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Detalles adicionales 7.93 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Detalles adicionales 8.11 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water O2 saturation min
Detalles adicionales 97.39 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
max Detalles adicionales 103.42 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
water salinity min
Detalles adicionales 32.12 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Detalles adicionales 32.92 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Historia de Vida y Comportamiento

Datos acerca de <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
home range average
Detalles adicionales 77,270.47 km2 PanTHERIA  
average Detalles adicionales 82,990.48 km2 PanTHERIA  
clutch/brood/litter size average
Detalles adicionales 1.66 individuals PanTHERIA  
Detalles adicionales 2 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
behavioral circadian rhythm
Detalles adicionales diurnal PanTHERIA  
onset of fertility average
Detalles adicionales 5.07 years PanTHERIA  
Detalles adicionales 4.75 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Detalles adicionales 4.75 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
age at first birth average
Detalles adicionales 5.0 years female PanTHERIA  
dispersal age average
Detalles adicionales 2.25 years PanTHERIA  
gestation period duration average
Detalles adicionales 64.66 days PanTHERIA  
inter-birth interval average
Detalles adicionales 2.28 years female PanTHERIA  
Detalles adicionales 2.05 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
litters per year median
Detalles adicionales 0.72 PanTHERIA  
Detalles adicionales 0.4 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
total life span max
Detalles adicionales 43.8 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Detalles adicionales 38.2 years PanTHERIA  
age at eye opening average
Detalles adicionales 34.12 days PanTHERIA  
population group size average
Detalles adicionales 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
terrestriality
Detalles adicionales fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
  • fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
weaning age average
Detalles adicionales 205.17 days PanTHERIA  
Detalles adicionales 303 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
growth rate
Detalles adicionales 0.0022 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
prenatal development duration
Detalles adicionales 65 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolución y Sistemática

Datos acerca de <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
first appearance (older bound)
Detalles adicionales 0.13 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
first appearance (younger bound)
Detalles adicionales 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
last appearance (older bound)
Detalles adicionales 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
last appearance (younger bound)
Detalles adicionales 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Fisiología y Biología Celular

Datos acerca de <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
metabolic rate average
Detalles adicionales 44,346 mL/hr O2 PanTHERIA  
body temperature
Detalles adicionales 36.8 degrees Celsius AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
systolic blood pressure mean
Detalles adicionales 145.3 mm Hg White and Seymour, 2014  

Conservación

Datos acerca de <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
population trend
Detalles adicionales Decreasing IUCN  
animal population density average
Detalles adicionales 0.00705 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
conservation status
Detalles adicionales vulnerable
  • vulnerable
    A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable, and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/vulnerable
IUCN  
extinction status
Detalles adicionales extant The Paleobiology Database  

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