Data about <i>Ursus maritimus</i>

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Distribution

 
latitude min
Additional detail
63.1 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
latitude max
Additional detail
78 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude min
Additional detail
-94.9 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
longitude max
Additional detail
17 degrees
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail
European waters (ERMS scope)
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
high Arctic
Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail
low Arctic
Arctic Biodiversity  
Additional detail
North West Atlantic
World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail
Spitsbergen
World Register of Marine Species  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
1,992.55 mm adult
PanTHERIA  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
286,366.67 g female
Life History Characteristics of Placental Non-Volant Mammals  
Additional detail
286,366.67 g
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
31,156 g
Life History Characteristics of Placental Non-Volant Mammals  
Additional detail
31,156 g
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
352,500.7 g
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
352,500.7 g
Macroecological database of mammalian body mass  
Additional detail
425,000 g
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
425,000 g
Macroecological database of mammalian body mass  
Additional detail
5.55 log10 grams
Macroecological database of mammalian body mass  
Additional detail
5.55 log10 grams
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
5.63 log10 grams
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
5.63 log10 grams
Macroecological database of mammalian body mass  
Additional detail
634.25 g
Life History Characteristics of Placental Non-Volant Mammals  
Additional detail
371,703.81 g adult
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
670.48 g newborn animal
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
8,500 g weanling
PanTHERIA  
 
teat number average
Additional detail
4
PanTHERIA  
 
weight
Additional detail
475,000 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
665 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
27,000 g weanling
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
trophic level
Additional detail
omnivore
MammalDiet  
Additional detail
omnivore
PanTHERIA  
 
primary diet
Additional detail
animals
MammalDiet  
Additional detail
mammals
See original source  
  • source missing
Additional detail
mammals
MammalDiet  
Additional detail
vertebrates
MammalDiet  
 
diet includes
Additional detail
fish
MammalDiet  
Additional detail
fruit
See original source  
  • source missing
Additional detail
fruit
MammalDiet  
Additional detail
plants
MammalDiet  
 
habitat
Additional detail
archipelago
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
cold temperature habitat
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
continental shelf
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
drainage basin
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ice sheet
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
ice sheet
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
iceberg
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
island
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
island
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marine biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
marine habitat
IUCN  
Additional detail
ocean
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
polynya
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
saline water
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
sea ice
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
shore
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
shoreline
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial habitat
IUCN  
Additional detail
tundra
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
upwelling
Environments - EOL project  
 
interacts with
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
 
feeds on
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
Additional detail GloBI  
 
has predator
Additional detail GloBI  
 
habitat breadth
Additional detail
1
PanTHERIA  
 
diet breadth
Additional detail
3
PanTHERIA  
 
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail
0.7 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water nitrate concentration max
Additional detail
2.39 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature min
Additional detail
0.3 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water temperature max
Additional detail
0.75 degrees Celsius
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail
1.93 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water silicate concentration max
Additional detail
4.63 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail
0.53 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water phosphate concentration max
Additional detail
0.58 µmol/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail
7.93 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water dissolved O2 concentration max
Additional detail
8.11 mL/L
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail
97.39 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water O2 saturation max
Additional detail
103.42 percent
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity min
Additional detail
32.12 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  
 
water salinity max
Additional detail
32.92 PSU
OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

 
parental care
Additional detail
No Paternal Care
Social systems of mammalian species  
Additional detail
No Paternal Care
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
home range average
Additional detail
77,270.47 km²
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
82,990.48 km²
PanTHERIA  
 
clutch/brood/litter size average
Additional detail
1.66
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
1.66
Life History Characteristics of Placental Non-Volant Mammals  
Additional detail
1.66
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
clutch/brood/litter size
Additional detail
2
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail
diurnal
PanTHERIA  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
1,734 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
1,734 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
onset of fertility average
Additional detail
1,850.26 days
PanTHERIA  
 
age at first reproduction average
Additional detail
55.22 months
Life History Characteristics of Placental Non-Volant Mammals  
Additional detail
55.22 months
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
age at first birth average
Additional detail
1,825 days female
PanTHERIA  
 
dispersal age average
Additional detail
820.99 days
PanTHERIA  
 
gestation period duration average
Additional detail
64.66 days
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
8.11 months
Life History Characteristics of Placental Non-Volant Mammals  
 
inter-birth interval average
Additional detail
831.67 days female
PanTHERIA  
 
inter-birth interval
Additional detail
750 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year median
Additional detail
0.72
PanTHERIA  
 
litters per year average
Additional detail
0.36
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
0.36
Life History Characteristics of Placental Non-Volant Mammals  
 
litters per year
Additional detail
0.4 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
43.8 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
458.4 months
PanTHERIA  
 
age at eye opening average
Additional detail
34.12 days
PanTHERIA  
 
population group size average
Additional detail
1
PanTHERIA  
 
terrestriality
Additional detail
fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
PanTHERIA  
 
weaning age average
Additional detail
12.68 months
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
12.68 months
Life History Characteristics of Placental Non-Volant Mammals  
Additional detail
205.17 days
PanTHERIA  
 
weaning age
Additional detail
303 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.0022 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
Additional detail
65 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
life span max
Additional detail
540 months
Life History Characteristics of Placental Non-Volant Mammals  
Additional detail
540 months
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
 
Mating System
Additional detail
Not Monogamous
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
Not Monogamous
Social systems of mammalian species  
 
Social System
Additional detail
No Social Group Living
Social systems of mammalian species  
Additional detail
No Social Group Living
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
Solitary
Social systems of mammalian species  
Additional detail
Solitary
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  

Evolution and Systematics

 
first appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
0.13 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
first appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
0.0117 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
0.0117 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
0 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
metabolic rate average
Additional detail
44,346 mL/hr O2
PanTHERIA  
 
body temperature
Additional detail
309.95 kelvin
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

 
population trend
Additional detail
Decreasing
IUCN  
Additional detail
Unknown
IUCN  
 
animal population density average
Additional detail
0.00705 individuals per square kilometer
PanTHERIA  
 
conservation status
Additional detail
vulnerable
IUCN  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
extant
Biodiversity Literature Datasets  
Additional detail
extant
The Paleobiology Database  
Additional detail
extant
Macroecological database of mammalian body mass  
Additional detail
extant
Macroecological database of mammalian body mass  

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