Data about <i>Ursus maritimus</i>

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Distribution

Data about <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
latitude min
Additional detail 63.1 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 78 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
longitude min
Additional detail -94.9 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 17 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail European waters (ERMS scope) World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North West Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail Spitsbergen World Register of Marine Species  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
body length (VT) average
Additional detail 1.99 m adult PanTHERIA  
body mass average
Additional detail 371.7 kg adult PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 670.48 g newborn animal PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 8.5 kg weanling PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 145 kg White and Seymour, 2014  
teat number average
Additional detail 4 PanTHERIA  
weight
Additional detail 475.0 kg adult AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 665 g neonate stage AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 27.0 kg weanling AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

Data about <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
habitat
Additional detail archipelago
  • archipelago
    A group of geographically or geologically associated islands.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000220
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail cold temperature habitat
  • cold temperature habitat
    A biome characterized by an average temperature of 15deg C or lower. Inhabited by psychrophilic (cryophilic) organisms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002026
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail continental shelf
  • continental shelf
    The extended perimeter of each continent, which is covered during interglacial periods such as the current epoch by relatively shallow sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000223
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail drainage basin
  • drainage basin
    A regions or area bounded by drainage divides and occupied by a drainage system; specifically the tract of country that gathers water originating as precipitation and contributes it to a particular stream channel or system of channels, or to a lake, reservoir, or other body of water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000291
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ice sheet
  • ice sheet
    A mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km2.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000132
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail ice sheet
  • ice sheet
    A mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km2.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000132
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail iceberg
  • iceberg
    A large mass of detached land ice in the sea or stranded in shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000298
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine biome
  • marine biome
    An aquatic biome that comprises systems of open-ocean and unprotected coastal habitats, characterized by exposure to wave action, tidal fluctuation, and ocean currents as well as systems that largely resemble these. Water in the marine biome is generally within the salinity range of seawater: 30 to 38 ppt.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000447
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IUCN  
Additional detail ocean
  • ocean
    Continuous saline-water bodies that surround the continents and fill the Earth's great depressions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000015
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail polynya
  • polynya
    Any enclosed water area in pack ice other than a lead, not large enough to be called open water. When frozen over, a polyna becomes an ice skylight from the point of view of the submariner.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000484
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea
  • sea
    A large expanse of saline water usually connected with an ocean.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000016
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea ice Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shore
  • shore
    That part of the land in immediate contact with a body of water including the area between high and low water lines.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000304
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail shoreline
  • shoreline
    The line of contact between a body of water and the land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000486
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail terrestrial habitat
  • terrestrial habitat
    A habitat that is on or at the boundary of the surface of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009
IUCN  
Additional detail tundra
  • tundra
    Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail upwelling
  • upwelling
    An oceanographic feature that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, replacing the warmer, usually nutrient-deplete surface water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000005
Environments - EOL project  
trophic level
Additional detail omnivore
  • omnivore
    An animal that mainly eats all kinds of things, including plants and animals.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Omnivore
PanTHERIA  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
interacts with
Additional detail African Apes GloBI  
Additional detail Ape GloBI  
Additional detail Bears GloBI  
Additional detail Bears GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga and Narwhal GloBI  
Additional detail Belugas GloBI  
Additional detail Great Apes and Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Harbor Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Narwhal GloBI  
Additional detail Narwhals GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Seal GloBI  
Additional detail True Seals GloBI  
feeds on
Additional detail Bearded Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Bearded Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Bears GloBI  
Additional detail Bears GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga and Narwhal GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga and Narwhal GloBI  
Additional detail Belugas GloBI  
Additional detail Belugas GloBI  
Additional detail Harbor Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Narwhal GloBI  
Additional detail Narwhals GloBI  
Additional detail Pusa GloBI  
Additional detail Ringed Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Seal GloBI  
Additional detail True Seals GloBI  
Additional detail True Seals GloBI  
Additional detail True Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Walrus GloBI  
Additional detail Walruses GloBI  
Additional detail Walruses GloBI  
habitat breadth
Additional detail 1 PanTHERIA  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
interacts with
Additional detail African Apes GloBI  
Additional detail Ape GloBI  
Additional detail Barnacle Goose GloBI  
Additional detail Bearded Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Bearded Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Bears GloBI  
Additional detail Bears GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga GloBI  
Additional detail Beluga and Narwhal GloBI  
Additional detail Belugas GloBI  
Additional detail Black Geese GloBI  
Additional detail Deer, Elk, Moose, and Caribou GloBI  
Additional detail Ducks, Geese and Swans GloBI  
Additional detail Great Apes and Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Harbor Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Harp Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Hooded Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Hooded Seals GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Narwhal GloBI  
Additional detail Narwhals GloBI  
Additional detail Pagophilus GloBI  
Additional detail Polar Bear GloBI  
Additional detail Polar Bear GloBI  
Additional detail Pusa GloBI  
Additional detail Reindeer GloBI  
Additional detail Reindeer GloBI  
Additional detail Ringed Seal GloBI  
Additional detail Spotted Seal GloBI  
Additional detail True Seals GloBI  
diet breadth
Additional detail 3 PanTHERIA  
water nitrate concentration min
Additional detail 0.7 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2.39 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water temperature min
Additional detail 0.3 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 0.75 degrees Celsius OBIS Environmental Information  
water silicate concentration min
Additional detail 1.93 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 4.63 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water phosphate concentration min
Additional detail 0.53 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 0.58 µmol/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water dissolved O2 concentration min
Additional detail 7.93 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 8.11 mL/L OBIS Environmental Information  
water O2 saturation min
Additional detail 97.39 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 103.42 percent OBIS Environmental Information  
  • has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
has predator
Additional detail African Apes GloBI  
Additional detail Ape GloBI  
Additional detail Bears GloBI  
Additional detail Bears GloBI  
Additional detail Great Apes and Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Greenland Shark GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Humans GloBI  
Additional detail Polar Bear GloBI  
Additional detail Polar Bear GloBI  
Additional detail Sleeper Sharks GloBI  
Additional detail Sleeper Sharks GloBI  
water salinity min
Additional detail 32.12 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 32.92 PSU OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
home range average
Additional detail 77,270.47 km2 PanTHERIA  
average Additional detail 82,990.48 km2 PanTHERIA  
clutch/brood/litter size average
Additional detail 1.66 individuals PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 2 AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail diurnal PanTHERIA  
age at first birth average
Additional detail 5.0 years female PanTHERIA  
dispersal age average
Additional detail 2.25 years PanTHERIA  
gestation period duration average
Additional detail 64.66 days PanTHERIA  
inter-birth interval average
Additional detail 2.28 years female PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 2.05 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
litters per year median
Additional detail 0.72 PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 0.4 per year AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
total life span max
Additional detail 43.8 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
max Additional detail 38.2 years PanTHERIA  
age at eye opening average
Additional detail 34.12 days PanTHERIA  
population group size average
Additional detail 1 individuals PanTHERIA  
onset of fertility average
Additional detail 5.07 years PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 4.75 years female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 4.75 years male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
terrestriality
Additional detail fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
  • fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
weaning age average
Additional detail 205.17 days PanTHERIA  
Additional detail 303 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
growth rate
Additional detail 0.0022 per day AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
prenatal development duration
Additional detail 65 days AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

Data about <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
first appearance (older bound)
Additional detail 0.13 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
first appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
last appearance (older bound)
Additional detail 0.0117 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  
last appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail 0 million years ago The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
metabolic rate average
Additional detail 44,346 mL/hr O2 PanTHERIA  
  • body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
body temperature
Additional detail 36.8 degrees Celsius AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
systolic blood pressure mean
Additional detail 145.3 mm Hg White and Seymour, 2014  

Conservation

Data about <i>Ursus maritimus</i>
population trend
Additional detail Decreasing IUCN  
animal population density average
Additional detail 0.00705 individuals per square kilometer PanTHERIA  
conservation status
Additional detail vulnerable
  • vulnerable
    A taxon is Vulnerable when the best available evidence indicates that it meets any of the criteria A to E for Vulnerable, and it is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/vulnerable
IUCN  
extinction status
Additional detail extant The Paleobiology Database  

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