The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. IUCN Red List (May, 2009) http://www.iucnredlist.orghttp://www.iucnredlist.org External link.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2. Macdonald, D. (2001) The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 2005. "AnAge: The Animal Aging and Longevity Database" (On-line). Accessed April 09, 2009 at http://genomics.senescence.info/species/entry.php?species=Gulo_gulo.
  • 2006. "The Wolverine Foundation" (On-line). Accessed April 11, 2009 at http://www.wolverinefoundation.org/specacct.htm.
  • 2007. "Alaska Fish and Wildlife Service" (On-line). Accessed April 10, 2009 at http://www.adfg.state.ak.us/pubs/notebook/furbear/wolverin.php.
  • 2008. "United States Fish and Wildlife Service" (On-line). Accessed April 10, 2009 at http://ecos.fws.gov/speciesProfile/SpeciesReport.do?spcode=A0FA.
  • 2009. "Wolverine" (On-line). Accessed April 11, 2009 at http://www.wolverines-wolverines.com/.
  • 2009. "Encyclopedia Britannica" (On-line). Accessed April 10, 2009 at http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/646740/wolverine.
  • 3. San Francisco State University (March, 2003) http://bss.sfsu.edu/geog/bholzman/courses/Fall00Projects/wolverine.htmlhttp://bss.sfsu.edu/geog/bholzman/courses/Fall00Projects/wolverine.html External link.
  • 4. Landa, A., Lindén, M. and Kojola, I. (2000) Action Plan for the conservation of Wolverines (Gulo gulo) in Europe. Council of Europe Publishing, EU. Available at http://www.lcie.org/Docs/COE/COE%20NE%20115%20Action%20plan%20for%20wolverines%202000.pdfhttp://www.lcie.org/Docs/COE/COE%20NE%20115%20Action%20plan%20for%20wolverines%202000.pdf External link.
  • 5. Wolverine Foundation (March, 2003) http://www.wolverinefoundation.orghttp://www.wolverinefoundation.org External link.
  • 6. Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe (April, 2008) http://www.lcie.org/http://www.lcie.org/ External link.
  • Abramov, B., C. Wozencraft. 2008. "International Union for the Conservation of Nature 2008 Red List" (On-line). Accessed April 08, 2009 at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/9561.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. 1998. Towards comprehensive phylogenies: examples within the Carnivora (Mammalia). Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
  • Burt, W. 1948. The mammals of Michigan. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Copeland, J. 1996. Biology of the wolverine in central Idaho. MSc Thesis.
  • Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (eds.), Mammal Species of the World,Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 2005.
  • Freedman, B. 1999. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Gittleman, J. L. 1982. The behavioural ecology of carnivores. University of Sussex.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • Kelt, D. A., and D. H. Van Vuren. 2001. The Ecology and Macroecology of Mammalian Home Range Area. American Naturalist 157:637-645.
  • Linnaeus, C., Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis,Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, 17581.
  • Lofroth, E., J. Krebs, W. Harrower, D. Lewis. 2007. Food habits of wolverine Gulo gulo in montane ecosystems of British Columbia, Canada. Wildlife Biology, 13: 13-37.
  • Nowak, R. 1999. Walker's Mammals Of The World. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Pasitschniak-Arts, M., S. Lariviere. 1995. Gulo gulo. Mammalian Species, 499: 1-10.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Roel, M., A. Landa, v. Jiska, J. Linnell, R. Andersen. 2006. Impact of infrastructure on habitat selection of wolverines (Gulo gulo). Wildlife Biology September 2006 : Vol. 12, Issue 3, pg(s) 285-295, Vol. 12, Issue 3: 285-95.
  • Ronald Nowak (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Ruggiero, L., K. McKelvey, K. Aubry, J. Copeland, D. Pletscher. 2007. Wolverine Conservation and Management. Journal of Wildlife Management, 71(7): 2145-46. Accessed April 10, 2009 at http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.2193/2007-053.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Virginia Hayssen et al. (1993) Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Comstock Publishing Associates: Ithaca.
  • WANG Sung, CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES - MAMMALIA,CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES - MAMMALIA, 1998.
  • Weckerly, F. W. 1998. Sexual-size dimorphism: Influence of mass and mating systems in the most dimorphic mammals. Journal of Mammalogy 79:33-52.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • 汪松, 不详, 1998.
  • 汪松, 中国濒危动物红皮书·兽类,北京:科学出版社, 1998: 1-417.

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