The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • "A Short Course on Gray Wolves" (On-line). Accessed December 9, 1999 at http://www.boomerwolf.com/graycors.htm.
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 2001. website, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service Endangered Species Program-03/01
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Bensettiti, F. & Gaudillat, V. 2004. Cahiers d'habitats Natura 2000. Connaissance et gestion des habitats et des espèces d'intérêt communautaire. Tome 7. Espèces animales. La Documentation française. 353 pp.
  • Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. 1998. Towards comprehensive phylogenies: examples within the Carnivora (Mammalia). Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
  • Carbone, C., and J. L. Gittleman. 2002. A common rule for the scaling of carnivore density. Science 295:2273-2276.
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Damuth, J. 1993. Cope's rule, the island rule and the scaling of mammalian population density. Nature 365:748-750.
  • Dog Breed Info Center, 2000. "Dog Breeds in Alphabetical Order" (On-line). Accessed February 16, 2002 at http://www.dogbreedinfo.com/abc.htm.
  • Don E. Wilson and DeeAnn M. Reeder (eds.), Mammal Species of the World,Mammal Species of the World, 3rd edition, 2005.
  • Freedman, B. 1999. Encyclopedia of Endangered Species. Gale Research International, Detriot, London.
  • Garland, T., F. Geiser, and R. V. Baudinette. 1988. Comparative Locomotor Performance of Marsupial and Placental Mammals. Journal of Zoology 215:505-522.
  • Gittleman, J. L. 1982. The behavioural ecology of carnivores. University of Sussex.
  • Hayssen, V., A. V. Tienhoven, and A. V. Tienhoven. 1993. Asdell's Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species-Specific Data. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York, USA.
  • INPN 2003-2014. Fiche descriptive de : Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Service du Patrimoine naturel. http://inpn.mnhn.fr/espece/cd_nom/60577/tab/fiche.
  • January 16, 1997. "Gray Wolf" (On-line). Accessed December 9, 1999 at http://www.kats-korner.com/graywolf.html.
  • July 1998. "Gray Wolf (Canis lupus)" (On-line). Accessed December 9, 1999 at http://www.fws.gov/r3pao/wolf/wolfindx.html.
  • Kelt, D. A., and D. H. Van Vuren. 2001. The Ecology and Macroecology of Mammalian Home Range Area. American Naturalist 157:637-645.
  • Kiltie, R. A. 1982. Intraspecific Variation in the Mammalian Gestation Period. Journal of Mammalogy 63:646-652.
  • Kinder, A. 1995. "Animal Diversity Web, Canis lupus dingo (Dingo)" (On-line). Accessed February 19, 2002 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/canis/c._lupus_dingo$narrative.html.
  • Linnaeus, C., Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis,Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classis, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, 17581.
  • M., Basuony., F. Gilbert., & S. Zalat.   (2010).  Mammals of Egypt: Atlas, Red Data Listing & Conservation, Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, Cairo..  
  • McIntyre, R. 1993. A Society of Wolves: National Parks and the Battle Over the Wolf. Stillwater, MN: Voyageur Press.
  • Mech, L. 1999. Gray Wolf. Pp. 141-143 in D Wilson, S Ruff, eds. The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Promislow, D. E. L., and P. H. Harvey. 1990. Living Fast and Dying Young - a Comparative-Analysis of Life- History Variation among Mammals. Journal of Zoology 220:417-437.
  • Richard Weigl (2005) Longevity of Mammals in Captivity; from the Living Collections of the World. Kleine Senckenberg-Reihe 48: Stuttgart.
  • Ronald Nowak (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Shetal, B. 1995. "Animal Diversity Web, Canis lupus familiaris (Dog)" (On-line). Accessed February 19, 2002 at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/canis/c._lupus_familiaris$narrative.html.
  • Shuker, KPN. 2001. The Hidden Powers of Animals: Uncovering the Secrets of Nature. London: Marshall Editions Ltd. 240 p.
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Strauber, J. June 12, 1997. "The Gray Wolf" (On-line). Accessed December 9, 1999 at http://www.hillsborough.k12.nj.us/hhs/endspeci/canislupus.html.
  • WANG Sung WANG JiaJun and LUO YiNin, MAMMALIAN NAMES(LATIN, CHINESE AND ENGLISH),Beijing:Science Press, 1994.
  • WANG Sung, CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES - MAMMALIA,CHINA RED DATA BOOK OF ENDANGERED ANIMALES - MAMMALIA, 1998.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204
  • Young, S., E. Goldman. 1944. The Wolves of North America. Washington D.C.: The American Wildlife Institute.
  • Zgurski, J. 2002. "The Behavior and Ecology of Wolves" (On-line). Accessed February 16, 2002 at http://www.ualberta.ca/~jzgurski/.
  • Zgurski, J. 2002. "The Origin of the Domestic Dog" (On-line). Accessed February 16, 2002 at http://www.ualberta.ca/~jzgurski/dog.htm.
  • Zgurski, J. 2002. "Wolf Taxonomy" (On-line). Accessed February 16, 2002 at http://www.ualberta.ca/~jzgurski/taxa.html.
  • 汪松, 不详, 1998.
  • 汪松, 中国濒危动物红皮书·兽类,北京:科学出版社, 1998: 1-417.

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