Data about <i>Canis latrans</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search TraitBank.

Distribution

 
geographic range (size of area)
Additional detail
17,099,094.3 km²
PanTHERIA  
 
longitude median
  • longitude
    Longitude is a geographic position that refers to the angle east or west of a reference meridian between the two geographical poles to another meridian that passes through an arbitrary point.
    http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318
Additional detail
-118 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
-168 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
-67.1 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
 
latitude median
Additional detail
39.7 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
8.02 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
71.39 decimal degrees
PanTHERIA  

Physical Description

 
body length (VT) average
Additional detail
872.39 mm adult
PanTHERIA  
 
body mass average
Additional detail
11,989.1 g adult
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
200.01 g newborn animal
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
10,148.9 g
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
teat number average
Additional detail
8
PanTHERIA  
 
weight
Additional detail
13,250 g adult
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
250 g neonate stage
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
1,517 g weanling
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Ecology

 
habitat
Additional detail
chaparral
  • chaparral
    A shrubland area found primarily in regions with a Mediterranean climate (mid, wet winters and hot dry summers) often shaped by wildfires.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000301
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
city
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
city
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
desert
  • desert
    A region rendered barren or partially barren by environmental extremes, especially by low rainfall.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000097
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
desert sand
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
dune
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
forest
  • forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
grassland
  • grassland
    An area in which grasses (Graminae) are a significant component of the vegetation.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000106
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
hill
  • hill
    A rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000083
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
island
  • island
    Area of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by water or low wetland.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000098
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
meadow
  • meadow
    A habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. Typically, what is called a meadow has more biodiversity than a grassland as the former contains not only grasses but a significant variety of annual, biennial and perennial plants.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000108
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mount
  • mount
    A mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island. Typically formed from volcanoes that rise abruptly and are usually found rising from a seafloor of 1,000 - 4,000 meters depth. Independent features that rise to at least 1,000 meters above the seafloor.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000264
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
mountain
  • mountain
    A landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill, but there is no universally accepted standard definition for the height of a mountain or a hill although a mountain usually has an identifiable summit and a local relief of more than 300m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000081
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
national park
  • national park
    A reserve of land, usually, but not always declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. National parks are a protected area of IUCN category II.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000367
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
peak
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
peninsula
  • peninsula
    A body of land jutting out into and nearly surrounded by water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000305
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
plain
  • plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
plateau
  • plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
prairie
  • prairie
    An area of land of low topographic relief that historically supported grasses and herbs, with few trees, and having generally a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. Dominated by tall grasses (contrast steppe).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000260
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
rangeland biome
  • rangeland biome
    A rangeland biome is an anthropogenic terrestrial biome which is primarily used for the rearing and grazing of livestock.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000247
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
river
  • river
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
river bank
  • river bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
rock
  • rock
    A mass of the mineral material of the crust of the Earth.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001995
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
scrubland
  • scrubland
    Area covered with low-growing or stunted perennial vegetation and usually not mixed with trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000300
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
slope
  • slope
    The part of an elevation or depression between the relatively flat surrounding area and the peak of a mount or the bottom of a depression.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002000
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
steppe
  • steppe
    A plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses, while short grasses are said to be normal in the steppe. It may be semi-desert, or covered with grass or shrubs or both, depending on the season and latitude.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000262
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
swamp
  • swamp
    A wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000233
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
temperate
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
terrestrial biome
  • terrestrial biome
    A biome that applies to the terrestrial realm.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000446
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
tropical
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
tundra
  • tundra
    Treeless, level, or gently rolling plains characteristic of arctic or subarctic regions, having a permanently frozen subsoil, and usually supporting low growing vegetation such as lichens, mosses, and stunted shrubs.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000112
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
valley
  • valley
    A depression caused by erosion by water or ice. Low-lying land bordered by higher ground; especially elongate, relatively large gently sloping depressions of the Earth's surface, commonly situated between two mountains or between ranges of hills or mountains, and often containing a stream with an outlet.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000100
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail
woodland
Environments - EOL project  
 
precipitation in geographic range mean
Additional detail
53.03 millimeters per month
PanTHERIA  
 
trophic level
Additional detail
carnivore
  • carnivore
    An animal that mainly eats meat.
    http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Primary__Carnivore
PanTHERIA  
 
habitat breadth
Additional detail
1
PanTHERIA  
 
temperature in geographic range mean
Additional detail
58.18 0.1°C
PanTHERIA  
 
actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
  • actual evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly AET (Actual Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/AETinRange
Additional detail
503.02 millimeters per month
PanTHERIA  
 
potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range mean
  • potential evapotranspiration rate in geographic range
    Monthly PET (Potential Evapotranspiration Rate) within the geographic range of a taxon. Evapotranspiration (ET) is the sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the Earth's land surface to atmosphere. Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a representation of the environmental demand for evapotranspiration and represents the evapotranspiration rate of a short green crop, completely shading the ground, of uniform height and with adequate water status in the soil profile. It is a reflection of the energy available to evaporate water, and of the wind available to transport the water vapour from the ground up into the lower atmosphere.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PETinRange
Additional detail
728.37 millimeters per month
PanTHERIA  
 
diet breadth
Additional detail
1
PanTHERIA  

Life History and Behavior

 
home range average
Additional detail
18.88 km²
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
19.91 km²
PanTHERIA  
 
clutch/brood/litter size average
Additional detail
5.72
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
6
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
behavioral circadian rhythm
Additional detail
nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
  • nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    An organism that is nocturnal/crepuscular, cathemeral, crepuscular or diurnal/crepuscular
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/activityCycleOther
PanTHERIA  
 
onset of fertility
Additional detail
274 days female
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
274 days male
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
372.9 days
PanTHERIA  
 
age at first birth average
Additional detail
365 days female
PanTHERIA  
 
dispersal age average
Additional detail
255 days
PanTHERIA  
 
gestation period duration average
Additional detail
61.74 days
PanTHERIA  
 
inter-birth interval average
Additional detail
365 days female
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
365 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
litters per year median
Additional detail
1.1
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
1 per year
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
total life span max
Additional detail
21.8 years
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail
262 months
PanTHERIA  
 
age at eye opening average
Additional detail
11.94 days
PanTHERIA  
 
terrestriality
Additional detail
fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
  • fossorial and/or ground dwelling only
    An organism that spends most of its time on the ground or underground.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/groundDwelling
PanTHERIA  
 
weaning age average
Additional detail
43.71 days
PanTHERIA  
Additional detail
60 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
growth rate
Additional detail
0.0183 per day
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
prenatal development duration
  • prenatal development duration
    The duration of the development from fertilized, deposited or implanted egg to hatching/birth. Corresponds to egg incubation duration in oviparous animals and to gestation period duration in viviparous animals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrenatalDevelopmentDuration
Additional detail
63 days
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Evolution and Systematics

 
first appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
4.9 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
first appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
1.8 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (older bound)
Additional detail
0.0117 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  
 
last appearance (younger bound)
Additional detail
0 million years ago
The Paleobiology Database  

Physiology and Cell Biology

 
metabolic rate average
Additional detail
3,699 mL/hr O2
PanTHERIA  
 
basal metabolic rate
  • basal metabolic rate
    Basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount of energy expended daily by humans and other animals at rest. Rest is defined as existing in a neutrally temperate environment while in the post-absorptive state.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/165109007
Additional detail
19.42 Watts
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
 
body temperature
  • body temperature
    The degree of heat in the body of a living organism, temperature is measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter, expressed in terms of units or degrees designated on a standard scale.
    http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/CSP/2871-4249
Additional detail
310.15 kelvin
AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  

Conservation

 
animal population density average
Additional detail
0.25 individuals per square kilometer
PanTHERIA  
 
human population density mean
Additional detail
27.27 individuals per square kilometer
PanTHERIA  
 
human population density change mean
Additional detail
0.06
PanTHERIA  
 
extinction status
Additional detail
extant
The Paleobiology Database  

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!