The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1998. website, Mammal Species of the World
  • 1999-2000. "" (On-line). Accessed October 6th, 2000 at
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Bar D, Tauer L, Bennett G, González R, Hertl J, Schukken Y, Schulte H, Welcome F, Gröhn Y (2008) The cost of generic clinical mastitis in dairy cows as estimated by using dynamic programming. Journal of Dairy Science. 91, 2205-14.
  • Bos taurus (domestic)
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  • Brown, J. March 1996. "Bugs In The News" (On-line). Accessed November 22, 2000 at
  • Carey, J. R., and D. S. Judge. 2001. Mammals. Pages 32-65 in J. R. Carey and D. S. Judge, editors. Longevity Records: Life Spans of Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles and Fish. Odense University Press.
  • Garland, T., F. Geiser, and R. V. Baudinette. 1988. Comparative Locomotor Performance of Marsupial and Placental Mammals. Journal of Zoology 215:505-522.
  • Graber H, Pfister S, Burgener P, Boss R, Meylan M, Hummerjohann, J (2013) Bovine Staphylococcus aureus: diagnostic properties of specific media. Research in Veterinary Science 95, 38-44.
  • Hammami R, Fernandez B, Lacroix C, Fliss I (2013) Anti-infective properties of bacteriocins: an update. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 70, 2947-2967.
  • Hinshaw, D. 1993. Cattle. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, Inc.
  • Huffman, B. January 1st, 2000. "Artiodactyla" (On-line). Accessed November 22, 2000 at
  • Johnson, P. 1999. "Whole E Cow" (On-line). Accessed October 6th, 2000 at
  • Kenagy, G. J., and S. C. Trombulak. 1986. Size and Function of Mammalian Testes in Relation to Body Size. Journal of Mammalogy 67:1-22.
  • Kiltie, R. A. 1982. Intraspecific Variation in the Mammalian Gestation Period. Journal of Mammalogy 63:646-652.
  • L. D. Harris and L. Paur, A quantitative food web analysis of a shortgrass community, Technical Report No. 154, Grassland Biome. U.S. International Biological Program (1972), from p. 17.
  • Lazo, A. 1995. Ranging behaviour of feral cattle (Bos Taurus) in Donana National Park, S.W. Spain. Journal of Zoology 236:359-369.
  • MacDonald, D. 2001. The New Encyclopedia of Mammals. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at
  • Nowak, R. 1997. Walker's Mammals of the World 5.1. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. Accessed August 03, 2003 at
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Sept 12). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Rath, S. 1998. The Complete Cow. Vancouver, B.C: Raincoast Book.
  • Reprogen, 1997. "Domestic Cattle" (On-line). Accessed October 6th, 2000 at
  • Ronald Nowak (1999) Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore.
  • Schmitt, D. August 1995. "Cow Facts" (On-line). Accessed December 15th, 2000. at
  • Smith, F. A., S. K. Lyons, S. K. M. Ernest, K. E. Jones, D. M. Kaufman, T. Dayan, P. Marquet, J. H. Brown, and J. P. Haskell. 2003. Body size of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403.
  • Tebug S, Njunga G, Chagunda M, Wiedermann S (2012) Health constraints and farm management factors influencing udder health of dairy cows in Malawi. Journal of Agricultural Science 4, 136-141.
  • Walker, E., F. Warnick, S. Hamlet, K. Lange, H. Uible. 1975. Mammals Of The World. London: THe Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1992. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 1993. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2nd ed., 3rd printing. xviii + 1207
  • Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. 2005. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd ed., vols. 1 & 2. 2142
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World
  • Wilson, Don E., and F. Russell Cole. 2000. Common Names of Mammals of the World. xiv + 204


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